Having to wake at night in order to urinate is more than just an inconvenience – it can cause sleep problems and be a symptom of certain diseases. Most of us know that persistent frequent urination and nighttime urination are symptoms of conditions like diabetes. But there are number of other conditions apart from diabetes that can also cause diabetes. Some of these causes can be serious and chronic. Others may be acute or even not a disease but rather a lifestyle issue.
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Insect bites and stings are undoubtedly going to occur many times in the course of human life. For some people living in more rural areas, insect bites and stings may be an almost daily occurrence and can be serious. However, in the more developed areas these bites and stings are usually harmless as the more venomous insects would have been eradicated to a large extent. Therefore the vast majority of insect bites and stings can be managed at home.
Lactose intolerance is one of the most common maldigestion problems in the world. Yet many people live with the condition and do not know that they have lactose intolerance, and may not even change their diet significantly to be symptom-free. But for those with a greater sensitivity to lactose, avoiding certain foods can keep the lactose intolerance symptoms at bay. Lactose intolerance is not associated with any major complications although some people who do not have a balanced diet may suffer with a calcium deficiency when dairy is stopped altogether.
When we hear of iron in food or supplements we immediately think of the blood. Indeed the blood and specifically red blood cells require iron for its development and function. But iron is also needed by a host of other cells for different processes that sustain life. Iron is also needed for metabolic activities, for immune system functioning and for the production of a range of chemicals that are needed in the body. At times we do not give iron the same importance in human physiology as we do with other vitamins and minerals. But without iron, health and wellbeing would not be possible.
The skin throughout the surface of the body is largely the same in structure and it is continuous. Therefore skin conditions can occur anywhere in the body. Some problems are more likely to affect certain areas more than others, like acne which more often occurs on the face, back and chest. While most of us are accustomed to seeing rashes on most parts of the body, a skin rash behind the ear is often considered to be unusual. But it can occur and there are certain skin conditions more likely to afflict the skin behind the ears.
Human skin is resilient but it can easily become irritated by substances that are relatively harmless. Even a person without allergies may suffer with skin irritation if they are exposed to a strong substance for too long. This type of skin problem is known as irritant contact dermatitis. It simply means that the skin becomes inflamed as a result of contact with some substance that irritates it. Sometimes the irritant can be as innocuous as water or even a person’s own sweat.
The obesity epidemic facing the world today is almost entirely due to a single factor – excessive calorie intake through food. A sedentary lifestyle further contributes to weight gain. Carbohydrates constitute the largest part of our diet and naturally it is the predominant source of calories. The problem lies with refined carbohydrates which deliver more calories ounce for ounce than unrefined carbohydrates. Processed foods are often laden with these refined carbohydrates and often we are unknowingly consuming large quantities of calories in small morsels of food.
Allergies are a common problem among children and adults across the globe. It is an abnormal reaction of the immune system to otherwise harmless substances (allergens). Some allergies result in mild symptoms that a person has to manage over months and years. But other allergies can be very severe and lead to serious symptoms, some of which may be life-threatening. An allergic reaction results in inflammation in the hypersensitive tissue. These inflammatory symptoms appear similar to chemical and mechanical injury, autoimmune diseases, infections and other pathological mechanisms. Therefore allergy testing is necessary to differentiate symptoms that are due to an allergy from other problems.
Infections of the urinary tract are common particularly among females. It is usually easily treated with a course of antibiotics but there are times when these infections can be persistent or recurrent. The fact is that UTIs can differ from one episode to the next and from one person to another. Sometimes it is limited to only one part of the urinary tract while at other times it may affect almost the entire length of the tract. The causative microbe can also vary from one attack to the next. Even the symptoms may fluctuate.
There are mornings where we all wake up with our mind not feeling as clear and focused as it should even though we are physically rejuvenated. There are host of different terms to describe this feeling. It is not exactly lightheadedness or confusion. Neither is just a matter of difficulty concentrating and reasoning. There is no single word to describe this sensation accurately and often we use a range of terms such as a muzzy or groggy feeling, or a foggy mind. Basically our mind is not yet ready to get going for the day and could do with further rest. This can be a symptom of certain diseases but in many instances it is just a reflection of our poor sleep habits, nutrition and lifestyle.
It is still a highly contentious issue but medical marijuana is making in-roads in the United States as an accepted form of treatment for certain conditions. Many people still look upon marijuana with disdain but there may be more to this herb in medical terms than was previously thought. Ongoing research and the results of studies over the years has supported the use of medical marijuana in some instances, to the point that it is being legalized in the different American states at a much faster rate than was previously seen.
We all fall at some time or the other. For children it is a common occurrence but in most cases the consequences are not severe. Not only do children have more flexible bones that can withstand the impact, they also tend to recover faster. However, a fall can be much more serious for adults, especially as they get older. Most of the time we get back onto our feet and continue with daily activities after a fall unless there is an open wound of fractured bone. But sometimes the most unassuming of fall injuries can be serious.
It may not be aesthetically appealing but bags under the eyes are usually harmless. It is a result of swelling and sagging of the lower eyelids and sometimes there are dark circles around the eyes as well. Most of us experience bags under the eyes every now and then – be it after several days of very little sleep, after long bouts of crying, sometimes with hormonal changes in women and occasionally due to changes in weather. For some people it can be a long lasting problem especially if it occurs with allergies or due to heredity factors. Remedying bags under the eyes may sometimes be as simple as doing nothing. At other times these bags are permanent and can only be corrected with surgery.
If you are a diabetic or have recently been diagnosed, then you will be familiar with the HbA1C test. It is one of the most effective methods of monitoring glucose control in diabetes management. Insurance companies may also request this test before covering a diabetic and there is good reason that it is the test of choice these days. It is not a snapshot of your blood glucose levels at the time of taking the blood sample. Rather it gives you an idea of your blood glucose levels over a period of a few months.
Menstrual blood loss is usually minor and should not compromise a woman’s health. Most women lose less than 60ml (about 2 fluid ounces) during a period. Some women may lose slightly more blood that others but usually it is not enough to be considered as a heavy period. The body quickly restores the lost blood and prepares for the next period. However, heavy periods characterized by significant blood loss does occur sometimes. In many instances it is a once off episode now and then which does not pose a serious threat to a person’s health.
Diarrhea is a symptom and can describe a number of alterations in bowel movement where the stool is frequent, excessive and often not well formed. We all experience diarrhea several times in our lives, and often a few times in a year even if we do not have any underlying diseases. Diarrhea is usually short-lived, resolves on its own and does not cause any further complications. But some episodes of diarrhea can be worse than others. Most of us find watery diarrhea to be the worst and it can be more dangerous since the body is losing copious amounts of fluid in the stool. In some types of watery diarrhea, you can lose several liters of water within just a few hours which can be life-threatening.
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