Periodontitis is the inflammation and degeneration of the deep tissues of gum, including the bone, which may arise from an untreated case of gingivitis. The degree of damage in periodontitis can result in loss of teeth and severe deformity of the gum and oral cavity. Professional dental attention is necessary to treat periodontitis effectively.
Gingivitis gum disease is both preventable and treatable. However, without the appropriate measures to prevent complications by treating the disease at the earliest possible stage, gingivitis can quickly progress to cause significant damage to the teeth, gums and mouth cavity as a whole.
Untreated gingivitis can lead to :
- Difficulty in eating and swallowing
- Abscess formation
- Loss of teeth
- Osteomyelitis (rare)
- Infection of the mouth and face (rare complication of acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis)
- Death (spread of infection from untreated ANUG)
Gingivitis is the medical term for inflammation of the gums (gingiva), which is a mild form of gum disease, usually caused by a bacterial infection as a result of plaque formation.
Types of Gingivitis
Gingivitis may be of two types, depending upon the severity of the condition.
Chronic gingivitis is the more common type of gingivitis and is closely linked to inadequate oral hygiene. In most cases, a person is unaware that they have chronic gingivitis and do not seek medical treatment until the symptoms become pronounced.
Slight bleeding and mild swelling of the gums are the first signs and symptoms. If attended to in the early stages, gingivitis may be totally reversible with simple measures such as brushing, flossing and cleaning.
Pregnancy brings about many changes in a woman’s body and in the functioning of its various systems, including the gastrointestinal system. Changes in bowel movement, such as constipation is fairly common in pregnant women but occasionally diarrhea can occur for no known reason.
Pregnant women may have a variation of their normal bowel movement, alternating between constipation and diarrhea. In most cases, alteration in diet and certain lifestyle changes can restore normal bowel movements and definitive treatment becomes necessary only in case of specific causes of such problems.
What is Normal Bowel Movement?
It is difficult to define normal bowel movement. Bowel movements can vary from person to person and what is normal in one person may not be considered so in another. A lot of people do not have regular motions every day. A person may normally have one to three bowel movements in a day, or she may have motions every other day without feeling any discomfort.
Pregnancy Bowel Habits
A woman otherwise having normal bowel habits may suffer from bouts of constipation or diarrhea during pregnancy. An alteration in pregnancy hormones at different stages of pregnancy can bring about this change.
Gum disease, also called periodontal (meaning “around the tooth”) disease, is an infection of the supporting tissues and bones around the teeth, which is usually caused by bacteria from plaque build-up. Gingivitis, normally the milder form of gum disease, may progress to periodontitis if left untreated for long.
Types of Gum Disease
- Gingivitis is the inflammation of the gums (the tissues surrounding the teeth) due to mild infection.
Acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis (ANUG) or necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis (NUG) is an extremely severe and invasive form of gingivitis.
- Periodontitis is a more severe form of infection which involves not only the gums but also the tissues and bones supporting the teeth below the gums. Periodontitis may be of different types :
1. Chronic periodontitis.
2. Aggressive periodontitis.
3. Necrotizing periodontal diseases, such as necrotizing ulcerative periodontitis (NUP).
4. Periodontitis as a result of systemic diseases.