Elbow pain may arise from any of the several structures making up the elbow or from structures around the elbow. It is important to understand the anatomy of the elbow in order to identify possible causes of elbow pain. The elbow is a complex joint that is responsible for movement in more than one axis. It allows for motion of the forearm and serves as a major site of attachment for the muscle tendons of the wrist and fingers. Given that the arms are the most active parts of the human body and often undergoing significant strain and wear-and-tear, elbow pain is not an uncommon occurrence.