Articles by Jan Modric

About Jan Modric (249 Articles)
Health writer

How Is Flu Transmitted Among Humans, Birds, Pigs, Dogs and Cats

How Can You Get Seasonal, Swine or Bird Flu? Seasonal (Common) Flu. You can usually catch seasonal influenza A from humans, but also from ferrets and pigs (1). Seasonal influenza B usually affects humans and seals (13) and can cause epidemic but not pandemic (2). Seasonal influenza C rarely causes a severe disease and >> Read More ...

Contagious Period and Duration of Seasonal, Swine and Bird Flu

Incubation Period vs Contagious Period Incubation (Lat. incubationem = a lying upon eggs) period is the time from exposure to a microbe (like influenza virus) to the appearance of the first symptoms. It is important to note that even though a person may be exposed to a microbe, they may not be infected with it and >> Read More ...

Types of Influenza (Flu) Affecting Humans

Seasonal, Swine and Bird Flu in Humans Types of influenza currently appearing in humans include: Seasonal influenza, also called annual influenza, conventional influenza, common flu or human flu Swine flu, also called novel flu (in Europe), or 2009 pandemic influenza A H1N1 Bird flu or avian influenza Table 1: Main >> Read More ...

List of Respiratory Infections; Causes, Transmission, Symptoms

A Guide to Distinguish Among Different Respiratory Infections Do you cough, sneeze, have an itchy or sore throat, difficulty breathing, fever, or you cough up mucus and you do not know what disease you might have? In the table below, you can check when certain respiratory infections appear, how they are spread, and what >> Read More ...

Stool-To-Mouth or Fecal-Oral Route of Transmission of Infection

What Is Fecal-Oral Transmission? Fecal-oral transmission means spread of microbes (viruses, bacteria or parasites) from the human or animal stool to your mouth. Transmission of microbes from your own stool is called auto-infection. The feco-oral route of transmission is common and one of the main modes of spread for some >> Read More ...

Low-Fiber Diet – List of Low-Residue Foods, Menu Examples

What Is a Low-Fiber Diet? A low-fiber or low-residue diet contains less than 10 grams of dietary fiber per day. What Is the Aim of a Low-Fiber Diet? The aim of a low-fiber diet is to prevent irritation of the bowel and therefore provide it a relative rest in the following situations: Before or after abdominal surgery After >> Read More ...

List of Human Body Parasites – Symptoms, Pictures

Intestinal Parasites Unicellular Parasites (Protozoa) PARASITE / DISEASE DISTRIBUTION TRANSMISSION SYMPTOMS and SIGNS Balantidium coli, balantidiasis worldwide/rural contact with pigs, infected water severe diarrhea Blastocystis hominis, blastocystosis worldwide stool to mouth none or mild diarrhea Cryptosporidium, >> Read More ...

Larynx or Voice Box – Anatomy, Position, Function, Disorders

What Is the Larynx? The larynx (from Gk. larynx = the upper windpipe) is an air passage carrying air from the pharynx to the trachea (Picture 1). It contains the vocal cords (folds), so it is also called the voice box. Adjective form of the larynx is laryngeal, for example, laryngeal cancer. NOTE: In practice, a term >> Read More ...

Pharynx – Functions, Anatomy, Pictures, Disorders

What Is the Pharynx? The pharynx (Greek pharynx = throat; pharanx = gulf, chasm) is a cavity within the throat that serves as an air and food passage. The other main part of the throat is the larynx. Functions of the Pharynx Functions of the pharynx include: 1. Swallowing When food or fluid enters the pharynx, muscle >> Read More ...
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