Bones, Joints, Muscles and Connective Tissue Diseases

Viral Arthritis (Virus Infections Causing Joint Inflammation)

What is viral arthritis? Viral arthritis is inflammation of the joint caused by the presence of a virus.  While viral arthritis can occur with a viral infection, it is not always the virus itself that is attacking the joint tissue and causing inflammation. Instead it may be the immune system that targets the joint lining >> Read More ...

Hand Arthritis

What is hand arthritis? Arthritis is a broad term for joint inflammation and damage. It can affect any number of joints in the body. When it occurs in the hand, including the wrist and fingers, then it is commonly referred to as hand arthritis. It is important to remember that hand arthritis is not a specific medical >> Read More ...

Bursitis (Inflamed Bursa) Causes, Symptoms, Treatment, Surgery

There are several areas in the body where certain organs and structures may move against each other thereby causing friction. Where two bones meet to articulate, the area has specialized cartilage and fluid within a capsule to reduce friction. This is known as a joint. At other sites like between between muscles, tendons, >> Read More ...

Mastoiditis (Back of the Skull Bone Infection)

What is mastoiditis? Mastoiditis is the inflammation of the bony protrusion of the skull just behind the ear canal. The mastoid process is a part of the temporal bone and has hollow air spaces known as the mastoid antrum and mastoid cells. In mastoiditis it is the mucosal membrane lining the mastoid antrum and mastoid >> Read More ...

Arthritis Symptomatic Relief (Palliative) Treatment with Drugs

Arthritis is the term for joint inflammation. There are several different types of arthritis but the two most common are osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. Whereas osteoarthritis is mainly due to the erosion of the joint cartilage surrounding the ends of the bones, rheumatoid arthritis primarily involves the joint >> Read More ...

Osteoarthritis (Bone on Bone Arthritis) Neck, Back, Hip, Knee

What is osteoarthritis? Osteoarthritis is a type of degenerative joint disease where the articular cartilage is eroded. It is the most common type of arthritis and is mainly seen in the elderly. Osteoarthritis or OA is commonly known as bone-on-bone arthritis but this term can apply to other types of joint disease where >> Read More ...

Ankle Pain Causes of Acute and Chronic Pain, Treatment

What is ankle pain? Ankle pain is any discomfort or soreness emanating from the ankle which may be related to the ankle structures or neighboring regions of the foot or lower leg. The most common causes of ankle pain are a sprained ankle, although there may be other causes such as a fracture, arthritis, or infection. Pain >> Read More ...

Sternal Swelling, Mass and Lumps Over the Breastbone

Sternal Swelling and Mass The sternum or breastbone is the central bone at the front of the chest to which the clavicle (collarbone) and ribs attach. It is an elongated flat bone made up of three parts – manubrium (uppermost part), body of the sternum (longest part in the middle) and the xiphoid process (short >> Read More ...

Wrist Pain Anatomy, Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment

What is wrist pain? The wrist is the complex joint between the forearm and hand. Wrist pain is not only a common symptom but it can occur for a number of reasons. It can occur suddenly (acute wrist pain), as due to a simple injury or a fracture, or it may come on insidiously and be present for a longer time (chronic wrist >> Read More ...
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