Bones, Joints, Muscles and Connective Tissue Diseases

Ankle Sprain (Twisted Ankle)

What is an ankle sprain? Ankle sprain results from twisting of the foot and causes pain and swelling. While painful, ankle sprain is not debilitating. People with an ankle sprain can walk on the foot, although carefully and with pain. Ankle sprain may result from taking part in sports and physical fitness activities, and >> Read More ...

Shoulder Arthritis

What is shoulder arthritis? Shoulder arthritis is a condition where the joints of the shoulder are inflamed and/or eroded. The term ‘shoulder arthritis’ is broad since it does not clearly indicate which of the two shoulder joints are affected or what type of arthritis afflicts the joint. It is often incorrectly >> Read More ...

Wrist Arthritis (Inflamed Wrist Joints)

What is wrist arthritis? Wrist arthritis is a condition where multiple joints that are collectively known as the wrist becomes inflamed. This leads to pain, stiffness and swelling of the wrist. It is one of the most commonly affected sites with regards to arthritis. The term arthritis literally means joint inflammation >> Read More ...

Foot Drop (Feet Muscle Weakness)

What is foot drop? Foot drop refers to difficulty in lifting the front part of the foot, due to weakness of the ankle and toe. The lower limb is highly muscular and the movements of these muscles are carefully coordinated by the brain via nerves. Foot drop occurs when the muscles, nerves or parts of the brain coordinating >> Read More ...

Myokymia (Rippling Muscle Movements)

Myokymia Definition Myokymia is defined as involuntary (uncontrolled), continuous, and slow movement of muscles. Depending on the muscles that are affected and the fat content under the skin, it may visible on the skin surface as continuous rippling movements. This is sometimes described as a worm-like motion and some >> Read More ...

Viral Arthritis (Virus Infections Causing Joint Inflammation)

What is viral arthritis? Viral arthritis is inflammation of the joint caused by the presence of a virus.  While viral arthritis can occur with a viral infection, it is not always the virus itself that is attacking the joint tissue and causing inflammation. Instead it may be the immune system that targets the joint lining >> Read More ...

Hand Arthritis

What is hand arthritis? Arthritis is a broad term for joint inflammation and damage. It can affect any number of joints in the body. When it occurs in the hand, including the wrist and fingers, then it is commonly referred to as hand arthritis. It is important to remember that hand arthritis is not a specific medical >> Read More ...

Bursitis (Inflamed Bursa) Causes, Symptoms, Treatment, Surgery

There are several areas in the body where certain organs and structures may move against each other thereby causing friction. Where two bones meet to articulate, the area has specialized cartilage and fluid within a capsule to reduce friction. This is known as a joint. At other sites like between between muscles, tendons, >> Read More ...

Mastoiditis (Back of the Skull Bone Infection)

What is mastoiditis? Mastoiditis is the inflammation of the bony protrusion of the skull just behind the ear canal. The mastoid process is a part of the temporal bone and has hollow air spaces known as the mastoid antrum and mastoid cells. In mastoiditis it is the mucosal membrane lining the mastoid antrum and mastoid >> Read More ...

Arthritis Symptomatic Relief (Palliative) Treatment with Drugs

Arthritis is the term for joint inflammation. There are several different types of arthritis but the two most common are osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. Whereas osteoarthritis is mainly due to the erosion of the joint cartilage surrounding the ends of the bones, rheumatoid arthritis primarily involves the joint >> Read More ...
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