Bones, Joints, Muscles and Connective Tissue Diseases

Calcific Tendonitis (Rotator Cuff Tendons of the Shoulder)

What is calcific tendonitis? Calcific tendonitis, or calcifying tendonitis, is a condition where calcium deposits form in the tendons of the rotator cuff muscles. These muscles are commonly referred to as the shoulder muscles. Calcific tendonitis can affect any tendon in the body but it is the rotator cuff tendons that are >> Read More ...

Pseudogout and Calcium Pyrophosphate Deposition Disease

What is pseudogout? Pseudogout is a joint condition where calcium pyrophosphate dihydrate crystals are deposited in and around the joints. It is known as pseudogout because it is similar to the more common crystal-induced arthritis known as gout, where urate crystals accumulate in the joints. Comparatively, pseudogout is >> Read More ...

Gonococcal Arthritis (Joints Infected by Gonorrhea Bacteria)

What is gonococcal arthritis? Gonococcal arthritis is an infection and inflammation of the joints caused by the gonorrhea bacteria. Arthritis is the medical term for joint inflammation. There are several different types of arthritis that can affect humans. By far the two most common types of arthritis arise with joint >> Read More ...

Knee Osteonecrosis (Bone Death)

What is knee osteonecrosis? Knee osteonecrosis (osteo = bone, necrosis = death) refers to the condition, in which knee pain results from death of a segment of bone. In knee osteonecrosis, the otherwise normal bone circulation in the knee region is impaired the diminished blood supply causes the bone tissue to die. The >> Read More ...

Piriformis Syndrome

What is piriformis syndrome? Piriformis syndrome is a rare condition characterized by pain, instability, tingling and numbness in the lower back, buttocks, lower thighs and the calves. It arises due to the irritation or compression of the sciatic nerve by the piriformis muscle during running or sitting. The longest and >> Read More ...

Osteoma Cutis (Bone Growth in the Skin)

What is osteoma cutis? Osteoma cutis refers to the presence of bone within the skin. It is considered to be a type of cutaneous ossification, which means formation of bone tissue in the skin. However, osteoma cutis can easily be differentiated from other types of cutaneous ossification. Sometimes calcium deposits within >> Read More ...

Ankle Sprain (Twisted Ankle)

What is an ankle sprain? Ankle sprain results from twisting of the foot and causes pain and swelling. While painful, ankle sprain is not debilitating. People with an ankle sprain can walk on the foot, although carefully and with pain. Ankle sprain may result from taking part in sports and physical fitness activities, and >> Read More ...

Shoulder Arthritis

What is shoulder arthritis? Shoulder arthritis is a condition where the joints of the shoulder are inflamed and/or eroded. The term ‘shoulder arthritis’ is broad since it does not clearly indicate which of the two shoulder joints are affected or what type of arthritis afflicts the joint. It is often incorrectly >> Read More ...

Wrist Arthritis (Inflamed Wrist Joints)

What is wrist arthritis? Wrist arthritis is a condition where multiple joints that are collectively known as the wrist becomes inflamed. This leads to pain, stiffness and swelling of the wrist. It is one of the most commonly affected sites with regards to arthritis. The term arthritis literally means joint inflammation >> Read More ...

Foot Drop (Feet Muscle Weakness)

What is foot drop? Foot drop refers to difficulty in lifting the front part of the foot, due to weakness of the ankle and toe. The lower limb is highly muscular and the movements of these muscles are carefully coordinated by the brain via nerves. Foot drop occurs when the muscles, nerves or parts of the brain coordinating >> Read More ...
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