Children’s Health

Achondroplasia

What is achondroplasia? Achondroplasia, a bone growth disorder, is the most common cause of dwarfism. Achondroplasia means ‘absence of cartilage formation’. However, the defect in achondroplasia is not in the formation of the cartilage but is in the conversion of cartilage to bone (particularly the long bones). >> Read More ...

Macrosomia (Big Baby Syndrome)

Macrosomia Definition Macrosomia is the medical term for a baby that has a significantly higher birth weight than the average for newborns. The term is also known by the common term big baby syndrome. The other common term that overlaps with macrosomia is large for gestational age. Macrosomia is usually defined as a birth >> Read More ...

Autism and Austism Spectrum Disorders (ASD)

What is autism? Autism is a condition where there is impaired neurodevelopment to the extent that it affects communication, social interaction and intellectual development. A broad range of compromised behaviors related to abnormal brain development, are classified as autism or more correctly autism spectrum disorder >> Read More ...

Hirschsprung Disease

What is Hirschsprung disease? Hirschsprung is a birth defect where the nerves in the lower parts of the large bowels are missing thereby affecting normal bowel movement in these sections. The contents of the colon cannot be pushed along and becomes backed up thereby causing an obstruction in the bowel. Since the condition >> Read More ...

Abdominal Migraines in Children

Abdominal pain is one of the most common symptoms in a person of any age but is a more common complaint in the childhood. It is often non-specific meaning that it does not clearly indicate a possible cause and in the absence of other symptoms, abdominal pain can be difficult to diagnose without further investigations. >> Read More ...

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in Children

What is ADHD? Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder or ADHD is one of the most common behavioral disorders in children. Inattention, over-activity, impulsive behavior, or a combination of these symptoms are often to be found in normal children, but when these features continue over a longer period of time and occur in >> Read More ...

Down Syndrome Babies, Facts, Pictures, Features and Diagnosis

What is Down Syndrome? Down syndrome, also known as Trisomy 21, is a genetic disorder resulting from possession of an extra copy of chromosome 21. It is named after Dr Langdon Down who first recognized and described the condition in 1866. The genetic origin of Down syndrome was identified much later by scientists in 1959. >> Read More ...

Cerebral Palsy (Children) Types, Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Delayed milestones of development in a baby, such as a delay in sitting up or walking, may lead to a diagnosis of cerebral ataxia. For instance, most babies learn to walk by 12 to 14 months of age. If it is noticed that even at 20 months the baby cannot walk and other milestones of development are delayed, together with >> Read More ...

Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) – Alcohol and the Unborn Baby

What is Fetal Alcohol Syndrome? Fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) is not a single disease but a range of disorders which include numerous physical and mental problems, as well as various developmental defects, that may occur as a result of alcohol consumption by the mother while pregnant. No amount of alcohol is considered safe >> Read More ...
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