Night terrors or sleep terrors occur more frequently in children (babies, infants and toddlers) although it can affect any age group. Night terrors more often affect children under the age of 5 years of age often peaking at the 3 year age bracket. A young child experiencing a night terror may ‘awaken’ screaming, crying and hysterical and may need to be consoled before falling asleep. Unlike nightmares, children experiencing a night terror do not remember the experience and may go back to sleep immediately after experiencing a night terror.
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Night terrors (sleep terror or pavor nocturnus) are a sleep disorder characterized by sudden crying, screaming, sweating, apparent fear and hysteria while asleep. A person experiencing a night terror is not awake and may often go back to sleep without recollecting the events. However a sufferer may awaken and continue to display the symptoms of a night terror for a few minutes after waking. Night terrors often occur in the non-REM (Rapid Eye Movement) stage of sleep.
A night terror differs from a nightmare and can affect any age group (infants, toddlers, young children, teens and adults) although it is more common in children under 5 years of age.
Persistent insomnia (sleeplessness) in children can be caused by a number of factors and should be taken seriously as children are known for being able to sleep well compared to adults. Child insomnia varies in definition depending on the age group, pattern of sleeplessness and associated signs and symptoms of insomnia.
continue reading Causes of Child Insomnia – Children, Infant, Toddler, Teen
A swollen lymph node or gland is a term commonly used to describe lymphadenopathy, a condition associated with enlarged lymph nodes in a specific area of the body (localized) or throughout the entire body (generalized lymphadenopathy). Lymphadenopathy is an indicator of a disorder affecting a certain area of the body or a generalized condition throughout the body.
Bad breath (halitosis) is a fairly common disorder affecting most of us at some point in life. The foul odor in bad breath is not considered to be a medical disorder unless it is a long term condition (chronic) and posing a problem in our lives. Halitosis may go beyond just a dental hygiene issue and can indicate more serious pathologies.
What Causes Diarrhea in Small Children?
The main cause of diarrhea in children under 5 years of age is rotavirus that causes gastroenteritis – an inflammation of the inner layer of the stomach and small intestine.
Symptoms of Stomach Flu
Symptoms of a rotavirus infection resemble influenza – from here the term stomach flu. There is no connection between stomach flu and influenza, though. Symptoms of stomach flu (viral diarrhea) include:
- Fever, headache, followed by..
- ..watery diarrhea and vomiting that appear 1-2 days after the infection and usually last for 3-8 days (1).
- Symptoms of dehydration: drowsiness or restlessness, thirst (which may not necessary be present!), decreased urination or, in severe cases, sunken eyes, sunken fontanel, and decreased consciousness.
- In the Western world, rotavirus diarrhea is usually a mild disease, but in some parts of Africa, Middle and South America and south Asia over 1 million of children dye from it each year, mainly from dehydration.
Treatment of Acute Diarrhea in ADULTS
Acute diarrhea in most cases stops on its own in few days. If there is no fever or other debilitating symptom, you can continue with regular activities but avoid any excessive strain.
An adult with a mild diarrhea can drink plain water or tea, a cup (250 ml) at the time, and repeatedly through the day to maintain more than 200 ml of translucent or bright yellow morning urine and more than 500 ml of daily (overall) urine. In severe diarrhea, drinks with sugar and salt, like Gatorade or Rehydralyte, are recommended since they provide faster rehydration. Combination of diluted fruit juice (1:1) with salt crackers or salt broth is also appropriate. Drinks to avoid: alcohol, caffeinated and carbonated drinks and, in prolonged diarrhea, milk; they may all aggravate diarrhea.
Symptoms of Chronic Constipation
Constipation is considered chronic, when it lasts for more than 3 months. Symptoms include straining during the bowel movement, hard stool, abdominal pain or bloating, bad breath, weight loss. More about constipation symptoms.
Causes of Chronic Constipation
Causes of constipation include inappropriate diet, dehydration, inactivity, psychological causes, gastrointestinal and other chronic diseases, and drugs.
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