What is metabolic acidosis?
Metabolic acidosis refers to the clinical disturbance, in which body fluids become too acidic. Metabolic acidosis is not an illness itself, but a sign of an underlying disease process. Normally the body has several mechanisms to control the pH (acidity or alkalinity) of the blood and tissue fluid around 7.4. However, when these mechanisms fail either due to an excessive buildup of acids or failure of alkalis (bases) to neutralize the acids, metabolic acidosis will ensure. It can be seen in a range of conditions ranging from kidney dysfunction to diabetes mellitus and even cancer. Metabolic acidosis is potentially fatal if left untreated.