Peritoneum and Peritoneal Cavity
The peritoneum is a double layered membranous sac that houses many of the abdominal organs. One layer of the peritoneum known as the visceral peritoneum is attached to these organs, which are known as intra-peritenoeal organs. The other layer known as the parietal peritoneum lines the inner abdominopelvic wall. Between the visceral and parietal peritoneum is a potential space known as the peritoneal cavity. No organs lies in this space but a small amount of peritoneal fluid provides lubrication for the two layers to rub against each other. A series of peritoneal ligaments connect the intra-peritoneal organs to each other or to the abdominal wall.
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