Gingivitis is the medical term for inflammation of the gums (gingiva), which is a mild form of gum disease, usually caused by a bacterial infection as a result of plaque formation.
Types of Gingivitis
Gingivitis may be of two types, depending upon the severity of the condition.
Chronic gingivitis is the more common type of gingivitis and is closely linked to inadequate oral hygiene. In most cases, a person is unaware that they have chronic gingivitis and do not seek medical treatment until the symptoms become pronounced.
Slight bleeding and mild swelling of the gums are the first signs and symptoms. If attended to in the early stages, gingivitis may be totally reversible with simple measures such as brushing, flossing and cleaning.