Mouth and Teeth Diseases

Glossitis (Atrophic and Inflammatory) Inflamed Swollen Tongue

What is Glossitis? Glossitis is the medical term for inflammation of the tongue. It generally implies a swollen, red and often painful tongue as these are common features of the inflammation process. However the term glossitis may also be used to refer to a red tongue, even without swelling, as may be seen in atrophic >> Read More ...

Palates | Hard Palate, Soft Palate Anatomy and Picture

The palate is the roof of the mouth that separates the oral and nasal cavities as well as the nasopharynx. It is arched and lined with oral mucosa, which has mucus producing glands on it known as the palatine glands. There are two parts to the palate – hard and soft. The hard palate lies more anteriorly (in front) >> Read More ...

Dysgeusia | Causes of Strange Tastes and Taste Disorders

Dysgeusia is a broad term to describe any disturbance of the sense of taste.  This may include : Ageusia : total loss of taste Hypogeusia : diminished taste sensitivity Parageusia : taste with no stimuli present Cacogeusia :  foul taste sensations (causes discussed under Bad Taste in Mouth) is a type of parageusia. >> Read More ...

Sense of Taste | Types, Taste Centers (Brain), Appetite Effects

Each type of taste bud is more sensitive to one specific taste. This does not mean that other tastes cannot stimulate it at all but specific tastes are more likely to stimulate specific taste buds more intensely. Types of Tastes The taste cells have varying number of receptors that are stimulated by  several different >> Read More ...

Taste Buds on the Human Tongue

What are the taste buds? The taste buds are the functional unit of the sense of taste. It is stimulated by certain chemicals in food and relays signals to the brain where it is perceived as the five taste sensations – sweet, salty, sour, bitter and . Odor (smell) and the texture of food can also alter the sense of >> Read More ...

Tongue | Anatomy, Parts, Pictures, Diagram of Human Tongue

The human tongue is a muscular organ that is covered by a thin mucous membrane. It lies partly in the mouth cavity and partly in the oropharynx. It is highly mobile and can be shifted into a number of different positions and also assume various shapes. The tongue’s primary function is often seen as that of being the >> Read More ...

Swollen Salivary Glands | Causes of Swelling, Enlarged Gland

The three pairs of major salivary glands (parotid, submandibular and sublingual) are located on either side of the mouth. All of these glands produce saliva and secrete it into the mouth cavity via the salivary gland. This accounts for the majority of the saliva in the mouth. Many smaller accessory glands in the lining of >> Read More ...

Salivary Glands (Parotid, Sublingual, Submandibular)

What are the salivary glands? The salivary glands produce and secrete saliva into the mouth cavity. There are three pairs of salivary glands : Parotid glands Submandibular glands Sublingual glands In addition, several small salivary glands (accessory glands) are located throughout the palate, cheeks, lips, tongue and >> Read More ...

Blood in Saliva | Causes of Bloody Spit, Saliva

The presence of blood in the saliva may not necessarily be an indication of bleeding from the mouth cavity (stomatorrhagia). The mouth communicates with the nose, esophagus and larynx via the throat. This could mean that any bloody saliva may be due to bleeding in the nasal cavity, respiratory or gastrointestinal tracts. >> Read More ...
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