Diagnostic Procedures

Diagnosing Uterine Cancer – Tests, Scans and Biopsy

A woman presenting with abnormal vaginal bleeding, especially postmenopausal bleeding, requires a thorough investigation to confirm or rule out the diagnosis of uterine cancer. Early detection of endometrial cancer improves the chances of successful treatment of the disease. If detected early enough, complete cure is >> Read More ...

Bladder Cancer Diagnosis (Tests, Cystoscopy, Biopsy, Scans)

Persistent hematuria in middle aged and older patients should always be evaluated for bladder cancer. Any unexplained increase in frequency and irritative symptoms related to passing of urine should be checked for the possibility of the bladder cancer. Read more on bladder cancer symptoms. The evaluation of suspected >> Read More ...

Polyps in Uterus Diagnosis and Treatment (Surgery, Medication)

Diagnosis of Uterine Polyps Uterine polyps often go undetected because they do not cause any symptoms. However, when symptoms such as abnormal uterine bleeding occur in a woman, especially after menopause, it becomes important to investigate further to exclude the possibility of conditions such as endometrial cancer. >> Read More ...

Prostate Cancer Diagnosis, Tests, Biopsy and Scans

Patients presenting with symptoms of prostate cancer would have reached a stage at which curative interventions are usually not possible since the symptoms are often only present in the advanced stages. Detection of prostate cancer prior to the onset of symptoms is therefore necessary for adopting a curative line of >> Read More ...

Endometriosis Diagnosis and Treatment (Medication and Surgery)

Diagnosis of Endometriosis Endometriosis, like other medical conditions, should be diagnosed as early as possible for the best prognosis. Most women visit a gynecologist to investigate one or more of the prominent endometriosis symptoms – pelvic pain worse during menstruation, irregular menses and/or difficulty >> Read More ...

Prostate Biopsy Sample, Results, Complications, Cancer Spread

Prostate Biopsy Sampling How many samples are taken in a prostate biopsy? A sextant or 6-core biopsy scheme used to be the standard approach where 6 samples are taken systematically from the prostate. The 6 core samples included one each from the base, mid-gland, and apex on either side. The currently recommended scheme >> Read More ...

Prostate Biopsy Procedure, Preparation, Anesthesia

Prostate biopsy is a procedure in which small tissue samples are taken from the prostate gland and is examined under a microscope for the presence of cancer. When is the biopsy done? A prostate biopsy is highly recommended in patients if the digital rectal examination (DRE) is abnormal, irrespective of PSA (prostate >> Read More ...

Cancer Staging and Grading | Stages, Grades of Malignant Tumors

What is staging and grading of cancer? Staging of a cancer is the method of establishing the extent or severity of the cancer and its spread in the body. Staging considers factors like the primary tumor location, tumor size, lymph node involvement and presence of metastasis. Staging is done by an oncologist in conjunction >> Read More ...
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