Ears, Nose and Throat

Larynx or Voice Box – Anatomy, Position, Function, Disorders

What Is the Larynx? The larynx (from Gk. larynx = the upper windpipe) is an air passage carrying air from the pharynx to the trachea (Picture 1). It contains the vocal cords (folds), so it is also called the voice box. Adjective form of the larynx is laryngeal, for example, laryngeal cancer. NOTE: In practice, a term >> Read More ...

Swollen Uvula (Throat)

Uvulitis is the medical term for an inflamed uvula. The process of inflammation causes swelling of the uvula and this may also be accompanied by pain and redness. Since the uvula is a suspended organ, inflammation will cause it to hang down more than usual or even touch the tongue apart from its horizontal  expansion. The >> Read More ...

Dry Mouth – Causes, Effects, Symptoms, Treatment

Dryness of the mouth is a common symptom and may only be temporary. However if a dry mouth persists to the extent that it causes discomfort or hampers daily functioning, the cause of the mouth dryness should be investigated as it may be a symptom of a medical condition or a side effect of a >> Read More ...

Causes of Chronic Cough – Persistent, Constant Coughing

Definition of Chronic Cough A cough is a forceful ‘push’ of exhaled air that is either done voluntarily or as a reflex action (involuntary). A chronic cough is usually considered to be any cough that is persisting for more than 3 months. It may be constant, where the patient coughs every few minutes or it can >> Read More ...

Tonsil Stones Removal & Pictures

What Are Tonsil Stones? Tonsil stones or tonsilloliths are compacted and calcified stones formed in the tonsillar crypts or crevices of the throat and most frequently in persons suffering from recurrent chronic tonsillitis. Most cases of tonsil stones do not hamper daily functioning or cause discomfort and a person may >> Read More ...

Mucus: Causes of White, Yellow, Brown, Grey, Black Phlegm

Colors of Mucus  (Phlegm, Sputum) Phlegm may be clear (white), yellow/green, brown, grey, black, pink, orange, containing red streaks, or frothy. Phlegm is mucus (sputum) coughed up from the chest. It reveals inflammation in the respiratory organs below the vocal cords (voice box, windpipe, bronchi and lungs). From the >> Read More ...

Coughing Up Excessive Phlegm (Mucus, Sputum) from the Throat

What Is Phlegm? Phlegm (pronounced flem; from Greek phlegma = inflammation) is an informal name for mucus coughed up from the throat. In this article, a term phlegm will be used only for mucus produced in the mucous layer of bronchi and windpipe (trachea). Medical term for phlegm is expectorated matter or sputum. Phlegm >> Read More ...
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