Ears, Nose and Throat

Zenker Diverticulum

What is Zenker diverticulum? Zenker diverticulum is an outpouching of the wall of the upper esophagus (gullet). It is rare and almost only seen in the elderly. Outpouchings are protrusions of the wall of a hollow cavity. It can occur in any part of the gut and a more common type is seen in the large intestine. Zenker >> Read More ...

Aerotitis Media (Plane Ear Pain, Flying Ear Pressure Problems)

Ear problems are one of the common complications of flying. It is not always a problem for every person. Some may feel a slight discomfort, other a slight popping sensation when landing or even with takeoff. However, many people experience a more severe form of this ear problem. It is painful, affects hearing, may trigger >> Read More ...

Mastoid Infection (Bone) Surgery, Procedures and Videos

Infection of the mastoid process, a protrusion of the temporal bone of the skill, is known as mastoiditis. One of the most common causes is a result of a middle ear infection (otitis media) which spreads to the skull bone if left untreated or is severe. Most of these infections are bacterial in nature and can be >> Read More ...

Quinsy (Peritonsillar Abscess) Throat Tonsil Abscess

What is a quinsy? A quinsy is another term for a peritonsillar abscess (PTA). It is a collection of pus in the throat (pharynx) region specifically between the tonsil tissue and the capsule surrounding it. A quinsy progresses from a tonsillitis to cellulitis and eventually an abscess forms. It is a more common infection of >> Read More ...

Dripping Nose – Clear Watery, Blood, Thick White and Green

Why does the nose drip mucus? Nasal problems typically present with a runny nose or nasal congestion. The mucous membrane lining the inside of the nasal cavity produces mucus throughout the day to keep the membrane moist. The constant movement of air through the nasal cavity with breathing can quickly dry up the membranes >> Read More ...

Blurry Vision and Cloudy or Hazy Vision

The sense of vision is enabled by several components in the human eye and close to it – the visual apparatus of the eye, the nerves that carry signals to the brain and brain centers that decipher these impulses. Light has to enter the eye unobstructed, be refracted (bent) by the cornea and lens at the optimal angles >> Read More ...

Cholesteatoma Meaning, Symptoms, Recurrence, Surgery, Video

The middle ear lies behind the eardrum and is separated from the inner ear by the round and oval window. This area is somewhat shaped like a box with six walls. It contains the auditory ossicles (hearing bones) that transmits vibrations from the eardrum to the hearing apparatus in the inner ear. A hollow cavity known as >> Read More ...

Post-Nasal Drip (Mucus, Phlegm, Pus Draining Back of Throat)

The mucosal epithelium lining the nasal passages ensures that a constant supply of mucus maintains the health of upper respiratory tract. The movement of air has a drying effect so the mucus keeps the area moistened. Dust and airborne microbes are trapped in the mucus and not allowed to travel deeper into the respiratory >> Read More ...
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