Ears, Nose and Throat

Nasal Infection – Symptoms and Causes of an Infected Nose

The most common type of nasal infection is infectious rhinitis. Viral rhinitis is frequently seen throughout the world and is known by the more widely used term – the common cold. It is an acute infection, with symptoms lasting for about 2 to 3 days, and resolving spontaneously without any treatment. However, an >> Read More ...

Throat Pain When Swallowing

Swallowing is reflex that is largely involuntary. Only the first stage of swallowing, known as oral swallowing is under voluntary control, where the tongue pushes the chewed food to the back of the throat. The swallowing process then continues with pharyngeal and esophageal swallowing. Normally, swallowing should be >> Read More ...

Nasal Spray Side Effects, Actions and How to Use a Nasal Spray

What is a nasal spray? Nasal sprays are medications that are available for application through the nasal cavity. Most nasal sprays are available as metered-dose nasal sprays meaning that each spray delivers a measured quantity of the solution into the nasal cavity. By creating a fine mist (aerosol), the active ingredients >> Read More ...

LPR Reflux | What is Laryngopharyngeal Reflux Disease, Symptoms

What is LPR? Recurrent acid reflux seen with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) inflames and damages the lining of the pharynx (throat) and larynx (voice box), causing a host of signs and symptoms in these areas. This is known as laryngopharyngeal reflux disease or LPR.  The classic symptoms of acid reflux such as >> Read More ...

Morning Sneezing Fits

Morning sneezing fits is where a person may awake after sleep and break out into a sneezing fit almost immediately or shortly after awaking. It may be accompanied by other signs and symptoms including a runny nose, itchy watery eyes and nasal congestion. Most cases of morning sneezing fits are due to immune related >> Read More ...

Chronic Sneezing | Causes of Persistent, Constant Sneezing Fits

Sneezing is a normal reflex that occurs in response to irritation in the nasal passages. In most cases it is acute, lasting anywhere between a few minutes to several days often caused by airborne irritants like smoke or acute upper respiratory tract infection like the common cold. If it persists and occurs frequently, >> Read More ...

Dry Nose | Causes of Dryness of the Nasal Passages

The nasal passages are lined with a mucus secreting epithelium that keeps the passages moist and helps to trap airborne dust and microbes. Apart from keeping the nasal epithelium healthy, the moisture also humidifies air that travels down to the lungs. If dry air constantly enters the airways and lungs, it will lead to >> Read More ...

Sore Throat – Causes of Acute Pharyngitis (Throat Ache)

What is pharyngitis? A sore throat, or pharyngitis, can vary in intensity from mild discomfort in the back of the throat, to a dull ache or pain in the throat. Although subjective, the term ‘sore throat‘ is used to indicate any irritation in the throat that may also involve the back of the mouth (oropharynx), >> Read More ...
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