Ears, Nose and Throat

Sore Throat (Acute Pharyngitis, Throat Ache)

What is pharyngitis? A sore throat, or pharyngitis, can vary in intensity from mild discomfort in the back of the throat, to a dull ache or pain in the throat. Although subjective, the term ‘sore throat‘ is used to indicate any irritation in the throat that may also involve the back of the mouth (oropharynx), >> Read More ...

Strep Throat Symptoms, Causes, Pictures, Contagious, Treatment

What is a strep throat? Strep throat is a bacterial infection of the throat which is also known as streptococcal pharyngitis. Unlike other common infectious causes of a sore throat, a strep throat is highly contagious and if left untreated, it can cause serious and even life-threatening complications. Causes of Strep >> Read More ...

Morning Sore Throat | Causes of Pain, Discomfort upon Waking

Most patients experiencing a sore throat  tend to report an exacerbation of the pain or discomfort upon waking. This may be related to mouth breathing, the reduced saliva production during sleep or exacerbation of symptoms as a result of the lying in the supine position for long periods. However, there are certain causes >> Read More ...

Runny Nose and Sneezing – List of Causes

A runny nose, or leaky nose, are the common terms for rhinorrhea or nasal discharge. In most cases, nasal discharge is due to hypersecretion of mucus from the lining of the nasal passages. However, pus and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) may also exit through the nose. Nasal discharge is in most cases accompanied by sneezing, as >> Read More ...

Rhinitis Types and Causes of Nasal Inflammation

What is rhinitis? Rhinitis is the term for inflammation of the lining of the nasal passages. This epithelial lining contains hairs to filter incoming air, produces mucus to trap dust and dirt and has sensory receptors which can trigger the sneeze reflex to expel any irritants. When inflamed or irritated, it triggers a >> Read More ...

Sneeze Reflex, Process and Mechanism

What is a sneeze? A sneeze is a sudden and forceful expiration of air through the nose or sometimes partly through the mouth. Its function is to clear the nasal passages of any irritants. However, sneezing is a common feature of the various nasal disorders even though no irritant is present in the nasal passages. This is >> Read More ...

Smelly Ear – Causes of Foul Ear Odor, Bad Ear Smell

An offensive smelling odor from the ear is often assumed to be a sign of infection but there are a few other non-infectious causes that also need to be considered. The odor may be associated with an ear discharge, ear wax or occur on its own for no clearly identifiable reason. Due to the rather small entrance to the ear >> Read More ...

Swallowing Problems Symptoms and Causes of Trouble Swallowing

Swallowing is a process of moving food and drink from the mouth to the stomach. It is composed of three phases that starts in the throat and extends down to the esophagus. Swallowing is partly voluntary but mainly an involuntary reflex that comprises a well coordinated sequence of events to complete its function. The >> Read More ...
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