Ears, Nose and Throat

Nasal Spray Side Effects, Actions and How to Use a Nasal Spray

What is a nasal spray? Nasal sprays are medications that are available for application through the nasal cavity. Most nasal sprays are available as metered-dose nasal sprays meaning that each spray delivers a measured quantity of the solution into the nasal cavity. By creating a fine mist (aerosol), the active ingredients >> Read More ...

LPR Reflux | What is Laryngopharyngeal Reflux Disease, Symptoms

What is LPR? Recurrent acid reflux seen with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) inflames and damages the lining of the pharynx (throat) and larynx (voice box), causing a host of signs and symptoms in these areas. This is known as laryngopharyngeal reflux disease or LPR.  The classic symptoms of acid reflux such as >> Read More ...

Morning Sneezing Fits

Morning sneezing fits is where a person may awake after sleep and break out into a sneezing fit almost immediately or shortly after awaking. It may be accompanied by other signs and symptoms including a runny nose, itchy watery eyes and nasal congestion. Most cases of morning sneezing fits are due to immune related >> Read More ...

Chronic Sneezing | Causes of Persistent, Constant Sneezing Fits

Sneezing is a normal reflex that occurs in response to irritation in the nasal passages. In most cases it is acute, lasting anywhere between a few minutes to several days often caused by airborne irritants like smoke or acute upper respiratory tract infection like the common cold. If it persists and occurs frequently, >> Read More ...

Dry Nose | Causes of Dryness of the Nasal Passages

The nasal passages are lined with a mucus secreting epithelium that keeps the passages moist and helps to trap airborne dust and microbes. Apart from keeping the nasal epithelium healthy, the moisture also humidifies air that travels down to the lungs. If dry air constantly enters the airways and lungs, it will lead to >> Read More ...

Sore Throat (Acute Pharyngitis, Throat Ache)

What is pharyngitis? A sore throat, or pharyngitis, can vary in intensity from mild discomfort in the back of the throat, to a dull ache or pain in the throat. Although subjective, the term ‘sore throat‘ is used to indicate any irritation in the throat that may also involve the back of the mouth (oropharynx), >> Read More ...

Strep Throat Symptoms, Causes, Pictures, Contagious, Treatment

What is a strep throat? Strep throat is a bacterial infection of the throat which is also known as streptococcal pharyngitis. Unlike other common infectious causes of a sore throat, a strep throat is highly contagious and if left untreated, it can cause serious and even life-threatening complications. Causes of Strep >> Read More ...

Morning Sore Throat | Causes of Pain, Discomfort upon Waking

Most patients experiencing a sore throat  tend to report an exacerbation of the pain or discomfort upon waking. This may be related to mouth breathing, the reduced saliva production during sleep or exacerbation of symptoms as a result of the lying in the supine position for long periods. However, there are certain causes >> Read More ...

Runny Nose and Sneezing – List of Causes

A runny nose, or leaky nose, are the common terms for rhinorrhea or nasal discharge. In most cases, nasal discharge is due to hypersecretion of mucus from the lining of the nasal passages. However, pus and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) may also exit through the nose. Nasal discharge is in most cases accompanied by sneezing, as >> Read More ...
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