Heart and Vessels

Low Pulse – Causes of a Slow Heart Rate (Bradycardia)

What is Bradycardia? Bradycardia is the medical term for a low pulse, which indicates a slow heart rate. Normally, the heart rate is between 60 and 100 beats per minute (bpm) when at rest. The rate of most adults is between 65 bpm and 85 bpm. Very fit adults may have a heart rate that is lower than 60 bpm but this is never >> Read More ...

Angina or Heart Attack Pain – Difference in Signs, Symptoms

Cardiovascular diseases that result in chest pain may be due to angina, myocardial infarction (heart attack), pericarditis or an aortic dissection. There are other possible causes, however, the presentation is usually not sudden and severe pain as it is with these conditions. Of these, angina is the most common and may >> Read More ...

Arterial Occlusion Treatment (Diet, Exercise, Medication)

Arterial occlusion is the blockage of the blood vessel that carries oxygenated blood (artery) to different parts of the body. The occlusion obstructs blood flow either completely or partially thereby starving the tissues of oxygen. A partial obstruction may lead to atrophy (shrinking) or cell injury, which is either >> Read More ...

Clogged Artery (Carotid, Coronary Arteries) Symptoms, Diagnosis

What is a Clogged Artery? A clogged artery (stenosis) is a blockage, either partial or complete, in the blood vessels that carry oxygenated blood to different areas of the body. This gradually or suddenly cuts off the blood supply to the target organ or tissue leading to cell injury (ischemia) or tissue death (infarct). >> Read More ...

Blocked Artery Signs, Symptoms and Effects

Blockage within an artery (occlusion) may arise for a number of reasons that are outlined in narrowing artery. The most common causes are atherosclerosis and a thrombus or embolus. Often the formation of atheromatous plaque causes a partial blockage and is then followed by the formation of a thrombus (blood clot) at the >> Read More ...

Thick Blood Vessel Wall – Causes of Thickened Artery, Vein

Thickening of a blood vessel may occur for a number of reasons. It is usually a result of changes within the vessel wall causing it to become thicker than normal. Alternatively it may arise from an enlargement of the vessel as a whole due to dilatation or birth defects. Thickening of the wall may affect only one part of an >> Read More ...

Narrowing Artery – Causes of Arterial Stenosis

What is arterial stenosis? Arteries transport oxygenated blood to different tissues and organs of the body. This is essential for metabolic activities and sustaining life functions. Any narrowing of an artery will hamper the flow of blood and depending on the extent of the narrowing, known as stenosis, the artery may be >> Read More ...

What is Atherosclerosis? Narrow Artery, Hard Arteries Disease

Atherosclerosis is  the disease that is a result of progressive narrowing and hardening of the arteries. Atherosclerosis arises as a result of plaques building up on the inner lining of the artery wall. These plaques are also known as atheromas or  atheromatous / atherosclerotic plaques. As the plaques grow larger, it >> Read More ...
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