Heart and Vessels

Cardiac Chest Pain vs Non-Cardiac Chest Pain

The presence of chest pain, especially if it is severe, often raises the concern about cardiac conditions like a heart attack (myocardial infarction). However this is not the only cause of severe chest pain and a number of factors have to be taken into consideration in order to discern cardiac chest pain from non-cardiac >> Read More ...

What is a Thrombus? Thrombosis Causes in Artery and Vein

A thrombus is a blood clot that forms inside a blood vessel. It may be temporary and can be dissolved but there is the risk of it growing further and occluding a vessel. The process of thrombus development and growth is known as thrombosis and over time it can impair blood flow which in turn affects oxygen supply to a part >> Read More ...

What is Cardiac Output?

Cardiac output is the quantity of blood that is pumped out of the heart in a minute. It is calculated by the heart rate (beats per minute) multiplied by the stroke volume (amount of blood pushed out of the heart upon contraction). In certain diseases, the heart may be affected and this may reduce cardiac output. The heart >> Read More ...

Retaining Fluid and Shortness of Breath, Body Swelling

TrotG57 Asked : In the past 2 weeks I have been experiencing swelling that seems to be rising up towards my body. First my feet and ankles started swelling and I did not worry too much about it because I have had this before in the past. Normally it goes down after a night’s sleep but this time it stayed and got >> Read More ...
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