Hormones and Metabolism

Gastric Acid Secretion – Production, Stimulation, Inhibition

The gastric glands, also known as the oxyntic glands, secrete hydrochloric acid (HCl), pepsinogen and intrinsic factor. These glands are made up of 3 types of cells : mucus neck cells which secretes mucus peptic/chief cells which secretes pepsinogen parietal/oxyntic cells which secretes HCl and intrinsic factor All these >> Read More ...

Severe Hypoglycemia Treatment (Very Low Blood Sugar), Emergency

Mild hypoglycemia is not necessarily a medical emergency unless the excessive use (overdose) of anti-diabetic agents or insulin has been implicated as a possible cause. This could rapidly progress into severe hypoglycemia. In most instances it can be managed in the home environment with readily available food ingredients. >> Read More ...

Causes of Low Blood Sugar Levels (Hypoglycemia)

The body maintains the blood sugar levels within a narrow range between 72 mg/dL (4mmol/L) and 104mg/dL (5.8mmol/L). It is not abnormal for these levels to sometimes rise above 108mg/dL (6mmol/L) or drop as low as 63mg/dL (3.5mmol/L). However, the body’s homeostatic mechanisms and the action of hormones, glucagon and >> Read More ...

Low Blood Sugar (Glucose) and Hypoglycemia Symptoms

What is hypoglycemia? The term low blood sugar is commonly used to refer to a drop in blood glucose levels below 54mg/dL or 3mmol/L. This state is referred to as hypoglycemia. In a person with diabetes, a blood glucose level below 63mg/dL or 3.5mmol/L is referred to as hypoglycemia. Medically, hypoglycemia may be diagnosed >> Read More ...

Hypothyroidism Symptoms but Test Negative, Cushing’s Syndrome

RoseG64 Asked : Over the past 4 years I have been having many ups and downs with my health and I am a total loss as to what to do next. I am now 46 years old and was first diagnosed with rheumatoid arthritis when I was 38. After that it was suspected that I had lupus but this was put to rest after some tests. I stayed on >> Read More ...

Digestive Hormones – Chemicals that Control Digestion

What are Digestion Hormones? Digestive hormones (gut hormones) are chemical ‘messengers’ which signal the gastrointestinal tract and accessory organs to perform different actions in order to coordinate the digestive process. It may act on an entire organ, part of the organ or specific tissues and cells to : >> Read More ...

Diabetes, Leg and Feet Swelling on Both Sides With Numbness

Cathy Asked : I am a 52 year old female and recently I have been experiencing persistent swelling of both legs which were paining at first but now there is some numbness. I was diagnosed with diabetes around the age of 45 and over the past 3 years I have been on metformin. I do not have any leg sores or anything of the >> Read More ...

Medical Weight Loss

What is medical weight loss? Medical weight loss is defined as a weight management program that is developed and monitored by a medical professional, either a family doctor or specialist physician. In medical weight loss, the therapeutic program is approached as a doctor would for any disease and the management is based on >> Read More ...
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