Hormones and Metabolism

Glucose Intolerance (Problems with Blood Glucose Control)

What is glucose intolerance? Glucose intolerance is a broad term encompassing several conditions that leads to abnormally high blood glucose levels (hyperglycemia). It is often confused with impaired glucose tolerance (IGT), one of the conditions listed under the term glucose intolerance. Sometimes glucose intolerance is >> Read More ...

Calciphylaxis (Calcified Skin Blood Vessels)

What is calciphylaxis? Calciphylaxis is a condition where there is abnormal deposition of calcium in the body primarily affecting certain small blood vessels and leading to skin damage. It is also referred to as vascular calcification as the blood vessel becomes hardened due to the calcium deposition. The main blood >> Read More ...

Insulinoma (Insulin Tumors)

What is an insulinoma? An insulinoma is a rare tumor of the pancreas leading to an excess of insulin. The pancreas makes several enzymes and hormones, including the hormone insulin. In case of an insulinoma, the pancreas makes too much of insulin which can upset the normal metabolism. Insulin controls blood sugar (glucose) >> Read More ...

Luteinizing Hormone Deficiency

What is Luteinizing Hormone Deficiency? A deficiency of luteinizing hormone has pronounced effects on human reproduction. In order to understand the consequences of a deficiency of luteinizing hormone, it is important to first understand the effect of this hormone in the human body. Luteinizing hormone (LH) is a hormone >> Read More ...

Pheochromocytoma (Rare Adrenal Gland Tumor)

Pheochromocytoma Definition A pheochromocytoma is a rare tumor of the tissues of the adrenal gland. These glands sit at the top of each kidney and secrete catecholamine hormones, which regulate heart rate, body metabolism, and blood pressure. A tumor in or around the adrenal gland would result in excessive secretion of the >> Read More ...

Adrenal Adenoma (Benign Adrenal Gland Tumor)

What is an adrenal adenoma? An adrenal adenoma is a benign mass in the adrenal gland that sits on top of the kidney. Adrenal adenomas are largely non-functional meaning that it occupies space but does not secrete hormones. However, sometimes benign masses in the adrenal glands can be functional thereby causing high levels >> Read More ...

Hyperglucagonemia (High Blood Glucagon Levels)

Almost all vital processes of the body require energy. Carbohydrates in food are broken into simpler units, mainly glucose. This glucose is utilized by cells to derive energy. Optimum concentration of glucose in the blood is required for healthy  functioning. It is maintained by hormones secreted from the pancreas – >> Read More ...

Adrenal Hemorrhage (Bleeding Gland)

What is adrenal hemorrhage? An adrenal hemorrhage is bleeding within the adrenal gland, the triangular-shaped gland on top of of each kidney. Adrenal hemorrhage is an uncommon condition but can be life threatening unless medical treatment is commenced as soon as possible. It can occur in a person of any age, but is more >> Read More ...

Subacute Thyroiditis (Temporary Thyroid Dysfunction)

What is subacute thyroiditis? Subacute thyroiditis is a condition where the thyroid gland is inflamed for short periods of time leading to overactivity, then underactivity and eventually returning to a normal state. The condition responds spontaneously meaning that it heals on its own although medication may be used to >> Read More ...
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