Treatment of Diabetic Retinopathy
The treatment options currently available are effective in halting or delaying further vision loss but will not reverse changes. The approach to the treatment of diabetic retinopathy depends on the stage of retinopathy, presence and extent of clinically significant macular edema, type of diabetes, general condition of the patient, and status of the opposite eye.
The treatment options for diabetic retinopathy include :
- surgical management (laser surgery, vitrectomy)
- medical treatment (drug)
The specific treatment for diabetic retinopathy should not be seen as a means of undoing the effects of prolonged and poorly controlled diabetes mellitus (sugar diabetes). Proper management of diabetes through medication, diet and lifestyles are essential.