Kidneys and Urinary Tract

Bladder Fullness Sensation Causes in Men and Women

What is bladder fullness? Bladder fullness is a sensation that the bladder is filled to capacity and there is a need to urinate. This is also known as urinary or bladder urging. It is normal sensation that every person experiences as the bladder fills close to its maximum capacity. It serves as a signal that a person needs >> Read More ...

Hydronephrosis (Kidney Swelling with Urine Blockage)

The kidneys are the two bean-shaped organs located on either side of the abdominal cavity. It is responsible for the expulsion of waste substances from the body and also has an effect on blood pressure and other vital functions. The human kidneys filter blood throughout the day and night thereby producing some 1 to 2 >> Read More ...

Asymptomatic Bacteriuria (Bacteria in Urine, No Symptoms)

What is asymptomatic bacteriuria? Asymptomatic bacteriuria (ABU) is the abnormally high number of bacteria in the urine without any symptoms associated with an urinary tract infection. Normally urine is sterile, meaning that there are no microbes in it, until it reaches the distal urethra. Here bacteria attached to the >> Read More ...

Acute Kidney Failure (Acute Renal Failure, ARF)

The kidneys are important organs that have several functions in the body. The primary function is the filtration of waste products from the blood, but in the process, the kidneys also regulate the water and electrolyte levels in the body. The latter therefore impacts on blood volume and blood pressure. It can influence >> Read More ...

Urinary Tract Anatomy, Location, Parts and Pictures

The organs of urinary system includes the kidneys, ureters, urinary bladder and urethra. Collectively, these organs produce urine, store it and pass it out of the body. The process, however, has far reaching consequences in the body and an integral role in maintaining homeostasis. Since the kidney controls the fluid volume >> Read More ...

Urinary Stones (Calculi) Location, Types, Causes and Symptoms

The urinary system is responsible for the production, storage and expulsion of urine from the body. Urine is a combination of waste products, excess fluid and electrolytes, as well as toxins and other metabolites. The kidneys therefore serve to filter the blood of these substances and maintain homeostasis. In the process, >> Read More ...

Nephritis (Kidney Inflammation) Types, Symptoms, Complications

The kidneys are important filters for waste products in the bloodstream located on either side of the upper abdomen. The basic functional unit of the kidney is the nephron which receives filtered fluid from the blood at the glomerulus and the reabsorbs or secretes wastes, toxins, electrolytes and water along the course of >> Read More ...

Pyelonephritis (Kidney Infection) Causes, Signs and Symptoms

The kidneys are two bean-shaped organs lying on either side of the back of the upper abdomen. It is tucked under the ribcage. On a daily basis, the kidneys filter over 1.5 liters of blood and forms approximately 1 liter of urine containing waste products, water and electrolytes. This is then passed down the ureters into >> Read More ...

Tubulointerstitial Nephritis (Kidney Tubule Damage)

The kidney has several important functions including filtering out waste from the blood, regulating the water-electrolyte balance in the body and controlling the blood pressure. The basic functional unit of the kidney is the nephron which is made up of two main parts – the glomerulus and tubule. Firstly the head of >> Read More ...
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