Liver and Gallbladder

Primary Sclerosing Cholangitis (Narrowing Bile Duct Disease)

Definition and Meaning of PSC Primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC)  is a condition where the bile ducts are diseased and become thick, hard and narrow. This prevents the flow of bile through the ducts. Although there are many diseases that can damage the bile duct (secondary cholangitis), in primary sclerosing cholangitis >> Read More ...

Biliary Strictures (Bile Duct Narrowing)

Definition A biliary stricture is any narrowing of the bile duct, the tube that carries bile between the liver, gallbladder and duodenum of the small intestine. A minor narrowing does not significantly impede bile movement and a person may be asymptomatic. It is only with a severe degree of obstruction or even complete >> Read More ...

Portal Hypertension (High Blood Pressure in Vein to Liver)

Portal Hypertension Definition Portal hypertension is the medical term for elevated blood pressure with the major vein of the liver, the hepatic portal vein. Although it is most commonly caused by liver cirrhosis, it can be due to a number of other causes that may not even involve the liver. Therefore portal hypertension >> Read More ...

Wilson’s Disease (Inherited Copper Toxicity Disease)

What is Wilson’s disease? Wilson’s disease is a genetic disorder that hampers the body’s ability to bind and transport copper thereby leading to accumulation of copper in the body. Over time copper deposition occurs in various different organs and tissues. Copper in its free form is toxic and damages the >> Read More ...

Gallbladder Mucocele (Hydrops)

What is gallbladder mucocele? A gallbladder mucocele is a condition where the gallbladder is stretched due to the accumulation of mucus or clear watery fluid in the hollow organ. It is also known as hydrops. This condition should not be confused with a gallbladder empyema where the gallbladder is filled with pus. In a >> Read More ...

Enlarged Liver (Hepatomegaly) Common and Rare Causes

The human liver is a somewhat triangular-shaped organ that is located mainly in the upper right part of the abdomen, just under the base of the right lung separated by the muscular diaphragm. It is difficult to completely classify the liver under a specific system due to it versatility. Although it is largely associated >> Read More ...

Hepatitis A, B, C Lab Tests, Results and Meaning

Hepatitis is an inflammation of the liver and may be due to a number of insults, from chemical irritants, to infections and autoimmune mechanisms. Viral hepatitis is one of the most common forms of liver inflammation and is caused by an infection with a virus. Although many different types of viruses can cause viral >> Read More ...

Fatty Liver Disease, What is it, Causes and Symptoms

The liver, apart from being versatile, is a highly resilient organ. It is able to withstand a range of chemical insults on a daily basis and one of its core functions is to reduce the toxic effect of various noxious substances. Despite its ability to neutralize chemical agents and regenerate more prolifically than many >> Read More ...

Hepatitis D Virus (HDV) Co-Infection, Superinfection, Symptoms

There are five main types of hepatitis viruses that can infect the liver and cause inflammation. Some of these will cause acute inflammation and resolves spontaneously or with minimal treatment and there is no risk of chronic infection. Others may present with an acute phase but chronic infection persists for life and may >> Read More ...
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