Liver and Gallbladder

Hepatitis D Virus (HDV) Co-Infection, Superinfection, Symptoms

There are five main types of hepatitis viruses that can infect the liver and cause inflammation. Some of these will cause acute inflammation and resolves spontaneously or with minimal treatment and there is no risk of chronic infection. Others may present with an acute phase but chronic infection persists for life and may >> Read More ...

Hepatitis C Information, Virus Structure, Spread, Symptoms

Viral hepatitis is inflammation of the liver caused by an infection with the hepatitis virus. There are five such viruses which can lead to an infection of the liver, some of which may progress to a chronic infection or only arise as a sequelae to liver disease. Liver function is affected to various degrees and with acute >> Read More ...

Liver Cirrhosis Causes, Early and Late Signs and Symptoms

The liver is a versatile organ that metabolizes nutrients, wastes, toxins, drugs and other substances. It has various secondary roles including acting as a reservoir for blood. The liver has a complex architecture involving lobules containing hepatocytes (liver cells) and weighs about 1.6 kg (2.5% of the average adult body >> Read More ...

Alcoholic Liver Disease (Fatty Liver, Hepatitis and Cirrhosis)

The liver is the central processing point of nutrients and wastes in the body. It filters and stores blood, regulates the way nutrients are metabolized and stores excess micro- and macroutrients, forms bile to discard wastes from the body and contributes to blood clotting. The liver is capable of contending with a range of >> Read More ...

Liver Abscess Causes, Types, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment

What is a liver abscess? A liver abscess, also known as a hepatic abscess, is an accumulation of pus within the liver as a result of an infection. Overall liver abscesses are fairly rare and more frequently seen in developing nations. Most liver abscesses are caused by bacteria and amebic parasites (protozoa). However, >> Read More ...

Liver Cholesterol – Source and Removal in Bile and Stool

Cholesterol in the body is thought of as originating solely from the diet through absorption from the gut. However, the reality is that most of the cholesterol is not sourced from food but rather manufactured within the body. Dietary cholesterol or exogenous cholesterol is absorbed from within the intestines. Endogenous >> Read More ...

Bile Duct Cysts (Choledochal Cysts) Types and Symptoms

What is a bile duct cyst? Bile ducts cysts, also known as choledochal cysts, are abnormal dilatations of the bile ducts especially the common bile duct. It is a congential anomaly, meaning that it is present from birth, and up to 20% of cases can remain asymptomatic until adulthood. These abnormal dilatations may involve >> Read More ...

Hepatitis Virus Symptoms, Incubation Period and Complications

There are five types of hepatitis viruses which cause inflammation of the liver. These viruses are designated as hepatitis A, B, C, D or E, with the hepatitis C virus (HCV) being the more common cause of viral hepatitis. A person may be infected by these viruses through various methods of transmission. This almost always >> Read More ...

What is Hepatitis A Virus (HAV)? Transmission, Symptoms, Vaccine

The hepatitis A virus or HAV is one of the five types of hepatitis viruses that infects the liver and causes inflammation. It is a highly infectious virus belonging to the picornavirus group of enteroviruses. Although hepatitis A is seen as the one of the least dangerous of the hepatitis viruses, it should not be ignored >> Read More ...

Types of Hepatitis and Different Causes of Hepatitis

There are several types and sub-types of hepatitis (liver inflammation) which are usually classified according to the cause of the disease. This can be broadly divided into : Infectious hepatitis, which is inflammation of the liver due to an infection. This may also include certain systemic infections, some of which are >> Read More ...
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