Lungs and Airways

Bronchitis Symptoms (Acute and Chronic), Cough, Short Breath

Signs and Symptoms of Bronchitis In bronchitis, the irritation to the bronchi and bronchioles triggers the excessive secretion of mucus (hypersecretion). Coupled with the swelling of the wall due to inflammation, the mucus narrows the airway. While a cough is always present, it is not uncommon for other symptoms to be >> Read More ...

What is Bronchitis? Inflamed Lung Bronchial Tubes (Chest)

Bronchitis is the medical term for inflammation of the lining of the bronchial tree, including the bronchi and/or bronchioles. It often involves the terminal part of the trachea as well. The walls of the bronchi and/or bronchioles become swollen due to inflammation and secrete excessive amounts of mucus. This causes a >> Read More ...

What are the Bronchi? Left, Right Main Bronchus, Bronchioles

The bronchi (singular ~ bronchus) are the two branches (left and right) at the bottom of the trachea that lead into the lungs. These main bronchi then divide into lobar and segmental bronchi. Together the trachea and the main left and right bronchi, along with all its subdivisions, areĀ  referred to as a the >> Read More ...

Abnormal Breathing Sounds – Types and Causes

Abnormal breathing sounds differs in quality from the normal hollow, rustling sound that is heard as air passes through the large airways like the pharynx, larynx and trachea (bronchial breathing) and resonates in the bronchial tree and lungs (vesicular breathing). Abnormal sounds may resemble a musical wind instrument or >> Read More ...

Noisy Breathing | Causes of Normal, Loud, Soft Breath Sounds

Normal Breath Sounds What is bronchial breathing sounds? Normal breathing is not a silent process. Air flow through the large airways is turbulent and causes a rustling or blowing type of sound. It is most prominent in the upper respiratory tract (nasal cavity, pharynx and larynx) and the upper part of the lower >> Read More ...

Tracheal Deviation – Causes of a Trachea (Windpipe) Shift

The trachea (windpipe) is the the tube-like organ of the respiratory system that connects the larynx (voice box) to the two bronchi. It lies almost exactly in the middle of the neck (median) although in most healthy people, it may be noticed sitting slightly to the right. It runs down into the chest (thoracic) cavity, >> Read More ...

Pertussis Tests and Treatment (Medication, Hospitalization)

Pertussis (whooping cough) closely resembles many other upper and lower respiratory tract infections and a proper diagnosis is essential in order to commence with the appropriate treatment as soon as possible. Many cases of pertussis are initially misdiagnosed for more common respiratory tract infections. It is only upon >> Read More ...

Whooping Cough (Pertussis) Symptoms, Stages, Spread, Vaccine

What is Whooping Cough? Whooping cough, also known as pertussis, is a contagious infection of the respiratory tract. While most respiratory tract infections are due to viruses (example : common cold, influenza), pertussis is caused by bacteria, namely the Bordetella pertussis bacterium. Pertussis typically affects the >> Read More ...

Trouble Breathing Causes, Symptoms, Signs

Signs and Symptoms of Breathing Trouble Shortness of breath (dyspnea) is the most common symptom of any problem with the respiration process. Refer to the articles on : What Causes Shortness of Breath? Reasons for Shortness of Breath Other signs and symptoms may include : Flaring of the nostrils. Abnormal expansion of the >> Read More ...
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