Lungs and Airways

Legionnaires’ Disease (Legionellosis)

Legionnaire’s Disease Definition Legionnaires’ disease (LD), also known as legionellosis, is a severe form of lung infection producing pneumonia-like symptoms. Legionnaires’ disease is a water-borne disease caused by Legionella pneumophila bacteria. Legionnaires’ disease is contracted by inhaling >> Read More ...

HIV Pneumonia

What is HIV pneumonia? Pneumonia is an infection of the lung that can occur in any person. It is more likely to affect people with weakened immune systems. HIV infection is one of the rapidly growing causes of a weak immune system. Therefore pneumonia in an HIV-positive patients is sometimes termed HIV pneumonia or more >> Read More ...

Tight Chest and Restricted Breathing Causes and Warning Signs

The chest houses many of the vital organs such as the heart and great blood vessels as well as the lungs and airways. The sturdy ribcage, breastbone and vertebrae at the back protect these organs. Breathing and pumping of blood never ceases and these vital organs are working throughout life. Normally a person is not  >> Read More ...

Paralysis of the Diaphragm (Breathing Muscle Problem)

What is diaphragmatic paralysis? Diaphragmatic paralysis is where the diaphragm is not able to contract either on one side (unilateral) or both sides (bilateral). Breathing does not cease immediately as there are accessory respiratory muscles that normally assists with inspiration. However, these muscles are not as >> Read More ...

Pulmonary Tuberculosis (Lung TB)

Tuberculosis is a disease caused by an infection with the Mycobacterium tuberculosis bacillus, a type of bacteria that can affect any part of the body but most commonly the lungs. It is one of the most common infectious diseases in the world today but most people have latent TB which is essentially a dormant infection and >> Read More ...

Uncontrollable Coughing Fits in Adults and Children

Coughing is a reflex action triggered by some irritant in the respiratory passage. It is intended to expel this irritant as rapidly and forcefully as possible. When the cough reflex is triggered usually by stimulation of the pulmonary irritant receptors lining the lower respiratory tract, the following sequence of events >> Read More ...

Vocal Nodules or Vocal Cord Polyps (Singer’s Nodules)

The vocal cords or vocal folds are the part of the upper airway (larynx) that vibrate to form sound. It is commonly referred to as the voice box. By tightening and loosening these membranous folds, the flow of air is manipulated to produce the voice which is later formed into distinct sounds by the lips, tongue and other >> Read More ...

Empyema Thoracis (Pleura) Diagnosis, Treatment, Procedures

Empyema thoracis or pleural empyema is collection of pus in the space between the pleural layers. It is commonly referred to as pus around the lungs. An empyema results from pus-forming (suppurative) infection of the pleural space and is one of the most common causes for exudative type of pleural effusion (fluid around the >> Read More ...
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