Medical Questions

Hematemesis and Causes of Vomiting Up Blood

What is hematemesis? Hematemesis (UK ~ haematemesis) is the medical term for the vomiting of blood either mixed with partially digested gastrointestinal contents and mucus or consisting entirely of blood. Blood in the vomit can vary in color from fresh and bright red to degraded maroon blood or even dark brown to black >> Read More ...

What is Melena and Hematochezia? Signs of Bleeding in the Stool

There are two medical terms that are used to describe the presence of blood in the stool. Melena (UK ~ melaena) is the passage of black, tarry stools which is indicative of blood that has degraded. Hematochezia is the passage of bloody stools, where the blood appears fresh and red to maroon in color. Color of Blood in >> Read More ...

What is Vomiting? Control of Emesis

Vomiting is the process of expelling the upper gastrointestinal contents in a forceful manner. Also known as emesis, vomiting occurs when the nervous supply to the pharynx, esophagus, stomach and duodenum of the small intestine is overstimulated. This often occurs as a result of overdistention or irritation of these areas. >> Read More ...

What are Triglycerides? Functions, Foods, Fat Tissue, Blood

Triglycerides are one of the types of lipids present in the human body and can be sourced from food or is manufactured within the body. It derives its name from its chemical structure – three long chain fatty acid molecules bind with one glycerol molecule. The most common fatty acids found in triglycerides are >> Read More ...

What is Bilirubin? Liver, Blood, Urine

Bilirubin is a byproduct of red blood cell destruction and are conjugated in the liver and excreted in bile. It is the main pigment which is responsible for the color of bile, feces and urine. If the bilirubin in the blood is too high (hyperbilirubinemia), it leads to jaundice or icterus, which is the yellowish >> Read More ...

What is Jaundice, Icterus? Yellow Skin, Eye, Mouth Color

Jaundice is the medical term for yellow discoloration of the skin, sclera (whites of the eye) and deeper tissues like the mucus membrane of the mouth usually as a result of high levels of bilirubin in the blood. The word ‘jaundice’ essentially means yellow color (Latin ~ glabinus, French ~ jaunisse). It is >> Read More ...

Nerve Stretch, Leg Pain, Other Tests For a Pinched Nerve

KatherineH45 Asked : My problem started 6 months ago when both of my legs started paining but the left leg pain was worse. The right ankle became quite sore and started swelling bout a month later and I visited my doctor who told me that I was putting too much pressure on the leg. He suspected that I had a pinched nerve >> Read More ...

Low Blood Sugar (Glucose) and Hypoglycemia Symptoms

What is hypoglycemia? The term low blood sugar is commonly used to refer to a drop in blood glucose levels below 54mg/dL or 3mmol/L. This state is referred to as hypoglycemia. In a person with diabetes, a blood glucose level below 63mg/dL or 3.5mmol/L is referred to as hypoglycemia. Medically, hypoglycemia may be diagnosed >> Read More ...

IBS Pain Relief with Exercise, Birth Control Pills

CareyK84 Asked : I have been suffering with IBS from my teens and have tried just about everything recommended by my doctor and all types of health products. Apart from a few things that offered moderate relief, there was nothing that helped me completely. My main symptoms are pain and diarrhea. The diarrhea comes and >> Read More ...

What is Bacterial Gastroenteritis? Pathophysiology and Treatment

Bacterial gastroenteritis is the inflammation of the stomach and intestines (small and large) a result of a bacterial infection or the ingestion of bacterial toxins present in food. It is the cause of most cases of food poisoning or food infection and is prevalent where proper food storage and preparation methods as well >> Read More ...
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