Medical Terminology

Contagious Period and Duration of Seasonal, Swine and Bird Flu

Incubation Period vs Contagious Period Incubation (Lat. incubationem = a lying upon eggs) period is the time from exposure to a microbe (like influenza virus) to the appearance of the first symptoms. It is important to note that even though a person may be exposed to a microbe, they may not be infected with it and >> Read More ...

Larynx or Voice Box – Anatomy, Position, Function, Disorders

What Is the Larynx? The larynx (from Gk. larynx = the upper windpipe) is an air passage carrying air from the pharynx to the trachea (Picture 1). It contains the vocal cords (folds), so it is also called the voice box. Adjective form of the larynx is laryngeal, for example, laryngeal cancer. NOTE: In practice, a term >> Read More ...

What is Anterior and Posterior?

This article is solely intended to assist readers with a basic understanding of the terms anterior and posterior. It is not intended to be used as an educational resource and may be oversimplified. Meaning of Anterior Anterior is the anatomical term for indicating that an organ or structure is towards the front of the >> Read More ...

Pharynx – Functions, Anatomy, Pictures, Disorders

What Is the Pharynx? The pharynx (Greek pharynx = throat; pharanx = gulf, chasm) is a cavity within the throat that serves as an air and food passage. The other main part of the throat is the larynx. Functions of the Pharynx Functions of the pharynx include: 1. Swallowing When food or fluid enters the pharynx, muscle >> Read More ...

What is Aerophagia?

Meaning of Aerophagia Aerophagia is the swallowing of air meaning that air enters the gastrointestinal tract (gut) rather than the lungs. The air may get trapped in the esophagus and/or stomach temporarily and may be passed with an eructation (belch or burp). Aerophagia is not a serious condition but may lead to gas >> Read More ...

Atrophy and Degeneration Meaning and Differences

What is Atrophy? Atrophy is a decrease in size of a part of a body. This can affect an organ, tissue or cell. Atrophy may be attributed to a decrease in size of individual cells or a reduced number of cells in the affected organ or tissue. Atrophy is usually acquired, meaning it is the result of a disease (pathological >> Read More ...

Throat Anatomy: Throat Parts, Pictures

What Is the Throat? The throat comprises of air and food passageways lying behind the nasal cavity and mouth and in the neck. It consists (from the top to the bottom) of the pharynx, epiglottis, larynx (voice box with vocal cords) and the upper part of the esophagus and trachea (Picture 1). Picture 1: Throat parts: >> Read More ...

What is Acute, Subacute and Chronic?

Meaning of Acute Acute is the medical term to describe the nature of a disease, sign, symptom or condition. It refers to an illness that is of a sudden onset or of a short duration. Acute can also be used as an adjective to describe a severe state of a condition. Often the term acute is used in contrast to the medical term >> Read More ...

What is an Abscess?

Abscess Definition An abscess is a collection of pus which can occur in tissues, organs or confined spaces in the body. Abscesses may lie superficially, like a boil just underneath the skin or deep within the body like a lung abscess. In most cases, an abscess is caused by bacteria and is the body’s mechanism to >> Read More ...
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