What is Uterine Cancer?
Uterine cancer is one of the most common cancers of the female reproductive organs. Women who just pass menopause, most often between the ages of 50 and 70 years, are more likely to suffer from uterine or endometrial cancer. Abnormal vaginal bleeding is the most common symptom of this condition.
Although there are many risk factors associated with the development of cancer of the uterus, the female hormone estrogen is thought to play a particularly significant role. Endometrial cancer may run in some families. Early clinical symptoms, resulting in early diagnosis of uterine cancer, may offer a better chance of survival with prompt treatment.
- Uterine cancer is almost synonymous with endometrial cancer (cancer of the inner lining of the uterus) or endometrial carcinoma since almost all cancers of the uterus start in the endometrium.
- Cancer may also start in the supporting connective tissue (stroma) and muscle cells of the uterus and is then known as uterine sarcoma. This is relatively less common than endometrial carcinoma.
- Cervical cancer (cancer of the cervix) is a different entity from endometrial cancer.