Numerous people are suffering from hair or scalp problems. Hair may get thinner or fall out, break off, or have very slow growth rate. Dandruff, itching or peeling scalp may cause humiliation and discomfort. Hair and scalp problems can be distressing and may effects your self-esteem, but these problems usually don’t cause any serious or life threatening medical problems.
Hair loss, including thinning and breaking, is the most widespread scalp problem. Most people lose almost 50 to 100 hairs each day.
Hair gradually thins as people age, though not all people have same degree of affect, it varies from person to person. Hereditary factor of thinning or balding is the most important cause of thinning hair. You can inherit it from either side of your parents. Women having gene of this trait develop thinning hair, while men may become completely bald. The problem can start in the teens, 20s, or 30s.
Other causes for excessive hair loss, thinning, or breakage include:
- Hot rollers, curling irons, or hair dryers can damage hair.
- Side effects of drugs or medical treatments, such as radiation or chemotherapy
- Recent surgery, high fever, or anxiety. You may have a lot of hair loss 4 weeks to 3 months after severe physical or emotional stress. This type of hair loss usually stops within a few months.
- Heavy metal poisoning, such as thallium or arsenic poisoning.
- Mal-nutrition, especially insufficient protein or iron in the diet.
- Burns or other injuries which damage hair shaft.
Sores, blisters, or bumps on the scalp
Painful sores, blisters, or scalp bumps that develop, may be caused by:
- Hair shafts infection known as folliculitis or the skin (impetigo).
- An allergic skin reaction.
- A skin problem, such as acne.
- A cyst, an epidermal or sebaceous cyst is a sac underneath the outer most layer of the skin that is filled with a greasy white substance. These cysts mostly formed on the scalp, ears, face, back, or scrotum and are caused by plugged ducts at the site of a hair shaft.
It has been noticed that, scalp or hair problem mostly occur to the people which have oily skin. Such people are more potent to be the victim of painful sores, blisters, acne or scalp bumps. Many hair care products are available, which reduce the production of sebum and cure dandruff as wall. If you have any of the above mentioned conditions, call your doctor as soon as possible.
If a visit to a health professional is not immediately required, you can use some home treatment tips.
You can try one of the following measures to resolve a scalp problem.
- Perform a skin self-exam to help identify suspicious scalp growths. Part your hair to look at your scalp. If you have trouble seeing your scalp, ask a friend or family member to check the spot for you.
- If your baby has developed yellow crusting on his or her scalp, try home treatment for cradle cap. Rub your baby’s scalp with baby oil, mineral oil, or petroleum jelly to help lift the crusts and loosen scales, an hour before shampooing. When ready to shampoo, first wet the scalp, then gently scrub the scalp with a soft-bristle brush for few minutes to remove the scales.
- If your baby has a bald spot at the back or side of the scalp, change your baby’s position frequently. Lying in one position may be causing the bald spot.
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Article reviewed by Dr. Greg. Last updated on March 6, 2012