Pain, in any part of the arm, is a common complaint and may be caused by various factors. The dominant arm (the arm and hand most used), usually the right arm, is more prone to pain, injury and strain, especially if the arm has to perform repetitive activities. While arm pain may not always appear to be a serious condition, it could be indicative of a major underlying pathology that requires emergency medical treatment.
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What Is a Frozen Shoulder Syndrome?
Frozen shoulder or adhesive capsulitis (Latin adhere = to stick; capsulitis = inflammation of the (shoulder) capsule) is a condition causing pain and stiffness of the shoulder joint leading to profound disability and discomfort. This is a chronic condition, frequently associated with sedentary lifestyle and lack of exercise. It generally affects the non-dominant shoulder of women in the 4th to 6th decade of life. In diabetics, adhesive capsulitis often both shoulders.
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Stridor and wheezing are two terms for different breathing sounds that are often used synonymously although there is a difference. Wheezing refers to the high-pitched or whistling sound, which is most prominent when breathing out (expiration). A wheeze is usually heard clearly upon auscultation (use of a stethoscope) although at times it may be audible, especially to the patient, without any need for a stethoscope. A stridor is also high pitched but ‘rough’ sound sometimes described as crowing. It easily audible without the use of a stethoscope (auscultation) and while it is present when breathing in (inspiration) or out (expiration), it is usually more prominent on inspiration.
Fluid in the lungs is a broad term to describe two possible conditions that may give characteristic symptoms, like a bubbling sound in the lungs (rales) when breathing. The fluid accumulation may be inside the lung (pulmonary edema) or outside the lung (pleural effusion), in the space between the lung and chest wall. The term “fluid in the lungs” is also used to refer to mucus inside the lungs. Mucus or phlegm is a thick, sticky secretion while “lung water” is a thin fluid. Other fluid accumulation may be the result of blood or pus.
What Is a Torn Muscle?
Torn muscle or muscle strain refers to a partial or complete rupture of the fibers of the muscle, causing pain or inability to move a particular part of the body.
A torn muscle is often a result of a sudden unbalanced force acting on a particular muscle, which is beyond the normal capacity of the muscle, thus making it fall apart. This frequently occurs in athletics and outdoor sports. Untrained weightlifting, absence of warmup, blunt trauma, etc., are common factors leading to muscle tear.
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