What is Prostate Cancer?
Prostate cancer is a malignant tumor of the prostate gland, the small walnut-sized gland that lies below the bladder in men. It is one of the most cancers in men in the United States and almost 10% of the adult male population will develop prostate cancer.
The increase in prostate cancer diagnosis over recent years can be attributed to prostate specific antigen (PSA) testing which allows for widespread screening. This coupled with repeated prostate biopsy in the event of elevated PSA levels has allowed for early diagnosis and rapid commencement of treatment thereby reducing the mortality rates. Nevertheless, prostate cancer claims the lives of over 30,000 men in the United States every year.