Heart and Vessels

Pericarditis (Inflamed Heart Lining) Symptoms, Pain and Causes

What is pericarditis? Pericarditis is the term for inflammation of the pericardium, the sac surrounding the heart and root of the great blood vessels. This protective sac has two layers, between which is a small amount of pericardial fluid that helps with lubrication. Pericarditis may arise as a result of an infection, >> Read More ...

What is Heart Valve Disease? Types of Valvular Heart Diseases

Heart valve disease, also known as valvular heart disease, is a condition where the valves of the heart do not function properly thereby affecting the normal circulation through the heart ad great vessels. The normal function of the tricuspid, mitral, aortic and pulmonary valves are discussed further under Heart Valves >> Read More ...

Heart Valves (Mitral, Tricuspid, Aortic, Pulmonary) Function

The heart has four chambers – two atria (right and left) and two ventricles (right and left). Blood from the rest of the body or the lungs enters the right and left atrium respectively. The atria then pushes the blood into the ventricles. The more muscular ventricle wall contracts sending the blood into the pulmonary >> Read More ...

Pain in Heart Attacks (Chest, Arm, Jaw) Causes and Symptoms

Chest Pain in Heart Attack Chest pain associated with a heart attack (myocardial infarction) is often described as tightness, pressure, squeezing or crushing chest pain. It is usually central, located just behind the breastbone (retrosternal chest pain, breastbone pain) on the anterior surface of the chest. In a patient at >> Read More ...

Blood Vessels (Artery, Vein) Structure, Function, Inflammation

What are blood vessels? Blood vessels are the specially designed tubes that carry blood throughout the body. The vessels that carry oxygen-rich blood from the heart to the different areas of the body are known as arteries (singular ~ artery) while those vessels that carry oxygen-deficient blood back to the heart are known >> Read More ...

Heart Disease Symptoms and Signs

There are various types of diseases of the heart and great blood vessels that may cause a wide array of signs and symptoms. However the more common signs and symptoms of heart disease includes : Chest discomfort or chest pain Shortness of breath (dyspnea) Dizziness and/or fainting Edema (swelling) Other symptoms like >> Read More ...

Pulses Location, Normal Pulse and Causes of Abnormal Pulse

The pulse is a palpable pressure wave in response to contractions of the heart (systole). As blood is forcefully pushed out of the heart, the elastic artery walls distend to accommodate the blood and rebounds to keep the blood flowing at pressure. This creates a pressure pulse that is easily felt on the superficial >> Read More ...

Coronary Artery | Blood Supply to the Heart

The heart is a muscular pump located in the thoracic (chest) cavity. It is constantly working to circulate blood throughout the body. During times of physical exertion or emotional stress, the activity of the heart increases. Due to its constant action, the heart needs a good supply of oxygen and nutrient rich blood to >> Read More ...

Statins Side Effects, Muscle Pain, Neuropathy, Liver Damage

Although the usefulness of statins (cholesterol-lowering drugs) for patients with coronary artery disease or those at risk of developing related conditions has been well established, these drugs are not without side effects. Ideally, each patient with elevated blood cholesterol levels should be screened and considered on >> Read More ...
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