Heart and Vessels

Antihypertensive Drugs, Effects, Names and Types of Medication

There are several types of drugs to treat hypertension and the use of each is dependent on the severity, duration and type of hypertension. Other underlying diseases also have to be taken into account when prescribing the most appropriate antihypertensive drug, even if the condition is not directly contributing to the >> Read More ...

Hypertension Medication Used For High Blood Pressure Treatment

Hypertension is the elevated pressure exerted by the blood on the walls of the blood vessels. A sustained arterial pressure of 140/90 mm Hg (systolic pressure of 140 mm Hg and/or diastolic pressure of 90 mm Hg) or more is conventionally considered to be hypertension. It is the most common cardiovascular disease in the >> Read More ...

Sudden Cardiac Death (SCD) Meaning, Process and Causes

The hearts has its own electrical system to control the rate and rhythm of the heart beat. Impulses are generated in the sinoatrial node (SA node) and immediately cause the muscles of the atria to contract. This pushes blood into the ventricles. The impulse travels along the internodal pathways to the atrioventricular node >> Read More ...

Ischemic Heart Disease (IHD) – Lack of Blood Supply and Oxygen

The heart has thick walls mainly composed of muscle in order for it to maintain its functioning of pumping blood throughout the body. This muscular layer is known as the myocardium and surrounded by the inner lining (endocardium) and outer layers (epicardium). The heart is working throughout life, contracting and relaxing, >> Read More ...

Rheumatic Fever Causes and Joint, Heart, Skin, CNS Symptoms

A throat infection is one of the most common upper respiratory tract conditions affecting every person at some point in life. The most common pathogens are viruses and then bacteria. Among the different types of bacteria, it is the group A streptococci (Streptococcus pyogenes) that are more commonly involved in a sore >> Read More ...

Calcified Aortic Valve and Mitral Heart Valve Calcification

The heart valves are important structures in the heart and at its junction with the major arteries. By opening and closing at different stages of heart contraction, these valves ensure that blood flows in one direction through the heart. There are four main valves in the heart and blood vessels – one between the >> Read More ...

Left-to-Right Cardiac Shunts (Heart) Types and Symptoms

Congenital heart defects arise in the fetal stage in life when the development of the heart and/or great blood vessels is disrupted in some manner. This leads to a structural abnormality in the heart or vessels which depending on the type and extent may case mild to severe symptoms or can even be life threatening. The >> Read More ...

Congenital Heart Disease and Defects Causes and Symptoms

The terms congenital and acquired are frequently used in medicine to describe a disorder, disease or defect that is either present from birth (congenital) or develops during the course of life (acquired). Congenital defects stem from fetal development but is often only obvious after birth once the baby’s body has to >> Read More ...
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