Lungs and Airways

Vocal Nodules or Vocal Cord Polyps (Singer’s Nodules)

The vocal cords or vocal folds are the part of the upper airway (larynx) that vibrate to form sound. It is commonly referred to as the voice box. By tightening and loosening these membranous folds, the flow of air is manipulated to produce the voice which is later formed into distinct sounds by the lips, tongue and other >> Read More ...

Empyema Thoracis (Pleura) Diagnosis, Treatment, Procedures

Empyema thoracis or pleural empyema is collection of pus in the space between the pleural layers. It is commonly referred to as pus around the lungs. An empyema results from pus-forming (suppurative) infection of the pleural space and is one of the most common causes for exudative type of pleural effusion (fluid around the >> Read More ...

Bronchiectasis Symptoms, Causes and Differences with Bronchitis

The bronchi are the air passages that lead from the trachea (windpipe) to each lung  Рright and left. It divides into smaller tubes known as bronchioles which lead straight to the air sacs of the lungs. The bronchi and bronchioles are an important site of various common respiratory diseases. When it is infected and >> Read More ...

Brown Lung Disease (Byssinosis) Causes, Symptoms, Treatment

What is brown lung disease? Brown lung disease, or byssinosis, is a reactive airway disease that leads to airway obstruction as a result of exposure to cotton dust (brack), flax and hemp. It is a type of occupational lung disease that is more commonly seen in cotton workers,  those working in flax mills and textile >> Read More ...

Occupational Asthma (Workplace Induced) Types, Symptoms, Causes

What is occupational asthma? Occupational asthma is a type of chronic inflammatory disease of the airways associated with allergens or irritants in the workplace that leads to reduced air flow through the respiratory passages. It is a type of asthma that should be considered in adult asthmatics, especially if the asthma >> Read More ...

Asthma Types, Causes, Symptoms and Asthmatic Attacks

What is asthma? Asthma is a chronic disorder characterized by attacks of reversible narrowing of the airways that limits the flow of air. The main problem in asthma lies in the bronchi, the two tubes that branch from the trachea (windpipe) to carry air to each of the lungs, and the smaller bronchioles which constrict in >> Read More ...

Empyema (Pus Around the Lungs) Causes and Symptoms

What is an empyema? The term empyema refers to the collection of pus within any anatomical cavity. It is, however, most often used to refer to pus in the pleural space (pleural empyema / empyema thoracis). Other areas of pus collection are usually designated as such, for example empyema of the sinus, referring to >> Read More ...

Lung Abscess (Pulmonary Abscesses) – Causes and Symptoms

What is a lung abscess? A lung abscess, or pulmonary abscess, is a localized collection of pus associated with necrosis of the lung tissue. The abscess is basically a cavity that forms in the lung tissue, walled off by fibrous tissue and filled with pus, cellular debris, microbes and white blood cells. A lung abscess is >> Read More ...

Hypersensitivity Pneumonitis – Lung Allergy to Inhaled Dust

Pneumonitis is the term for inflammation of the lungs, involving the respiratory and often the terminal bronchioles as well. This may arise as a result of trauma (chemical/physical), allergic reactions, airborne particles and drugs. It is often confused with pneumonia – pneumonitis is a broad term that includes lung >> Read More ...
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