Medical Terminology

Atrophy and Degeneration Meaning and Differences

What is Atrophy? Atrophy is a decrease in size of a part of a body. This can affect an organ, tissue or cell. Atrophy may be attributed to a decrease in size of individual cells or a reduced number of cells in the affected organ or tissue. Atrophy is usually acquired, meaning it is the result of a disease (pathological >> Read More ...

What is Acute, Subacute and Chronic?

Meaning of Acute Acute is the medical term to describe the nature of a disease, sign, symptom or condition. It refers to an illness that is of a sudden onset or of a short duration. Acute can also be used as an adjective to describe a severe state of a condition. Often the term acute is used in contrast to the medical term >> Read More ...

What is an Abscess?

Abscess Definition An abscess is a collection of pus which can occur in tissues, organs or confined spaces in the body. Abscesses may lie superficially, like a boil just underneath the skin or deep within the body like a lung abscess. In most cases, an abscess is caused by bacteria and is the body’s mechanism to >> Read More ...

Supraspinatus Tendinopathy

Supraspinatus tendinopathy is a collective name for various disorders of supraspinatus tendon Supraspinatus tendinitis, an acute inflammation of the tendon due to friction of the tendon against the shoulder bones during repetitive shoulder use, especially in overhead work (swimming, painting, tennis). Supraspinatus >> Read More ...

Disease Definition

Definition of Disease Disease (Latin dis- = lack of, opposite of + ease = convenience, comfort) literally means lack of strength or satisfaction. It also means a person is no longer at ease. In medicine, disease means an impairment in structure or function of a certain body part or mind with identifiable symptoms >> Read More ...

Infection and Incubation Period Meaning

What Is Infection? An infection is an invasion and multiplying of pathogenic microbes in the body tissues in which they are not usually present (1). Pathogenic means capable of causing disease. Infection does not always cause a disease. Definitions of Infection-Related Terms A colonization is the usual presence of >> Read More ...

Ischemia, Infarct and Necrosis Definitions and Meaning

What is Ischemia? Ischemia is the medical term for an inadequate blood supply to a specific area of the body. This results in a reduced oxygen supply as blood has difficulty in reaching the target tissues or organs. Ischemia can be partial or complete. Partial ischemia may cause hypoxia, which is too little oxygen reaching >> Read More ...

Drug (Medication), Supplement and Home Remedy

What Is a Drug? Broadly speaking, a drug is any substance other than food intended to affect the structure or any function of the body (1). Drug As a Medication According to the United States Federal Drug Agency (FDA), a drug is an article (substance) intended for use in the diagnosis, cure, mitigation (lessening), >> Read More ...
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