Women’s Health and Pregnancy

Abnormal Vaginal Bleeding and Brown Period Blood

Changes in the normal menstrual cycle leading to a ‘heavy’ period should not be considered as an abnormal vaginal bleed if it occurs on one or two occasions. However if it is occurs recurrently, then it warrants further gynecological investigation to identify the cause of the abnormal bleed. A scanty menses or >> Read More ...

Menopause Bleeding

Vaginal bleeding after menopause is not an uncommon occurrence and there may be the odd instance of abnormal vaginal bleeding which should not be a cause for concern. This post-menopausal bleeding is usually mild spotting or a light flow that lasts for a day or two. If it is a heavy flow, persisting for a long period of >> Read More ...

Low Breast Milk Supply

New mothers are often concerned about their breast milk supply. A common fear is that breast milk production will be insufficient to meet with a newborn’s nutritional needs. In most cases, a mother’s breast milk supply will be adequate and will not hamper the baby’s growth. However many nursing mothers do >> Read More ...

Complications of Breast Augmentation – Implants, Enhancement

In breast augmentation surgery, silicone gel or saline-filled implants are used either to produce fuller breasts (breast enlargement) or restore breast volume after pregnancy or weight loss (breast enhancement). The decision to have breast augmentation surgery should be taken only after careful consideration of the risks >> Read More ...

Causes of Female Facial Hair, Beard – Hirsutism in Women

What is Hirsutism? Hirsutism is the excessive growth of thick hair, particularly on areas of the body not commonly seen in women. The hair growth in hirsutism is typical of male hair growth patterns, affecting the face (moustache/mustache or beard), chest, abdomen or back. While most women may have fine hair on these parts >> Read More ...

Bloody Urine – Causes of Red Color, Blood in Urine

Urine with a reddish color does not always indicate the presence of blood or bleeding within the urinary tract. Similarly, the presence of blood in the urine may not be visible to the naked eye. In order to differentiate between reddish brown discoloration of urine and bloody urine, it is important to test for the presence >> Read More ...

Breast Secretion – Causes of Nipple Discharge

Nipple discharge affects many women who are not pregnant or breastfeeding and the presence of breast secretions do not always indicate any serious problem. While breast milk is expected in pregnancy and after child birth, other secretions from the breast may also occur in women of any age. Young women may experience nipple >> Read More ...

Causes of Breast Pains – Diagnosis of Breast Pain Symptoms

What is breast pain? Breast pains are severe, sharp, stabbing, shooting or throbbing pains of the breast either felt on the outside of the breast (superficial) or deeper within the breast tissue. Pain may be a result of breast inflammation and can be accompanied by breast swelling, warmth/heat and/or redness of the skin. >> Read More ...

Risk Factors & Causes of Severe Leg Cramps at Night

The exact cause of nocturnal leg cramps is unknown (idiopathic). However certain individuals with chronic conditions may be at risk of leg cramps at night. Nocturnal leg cramps are more common in older persons, especially women, and primarily affects the calf muscles and small muscles of the feet. Leg cramps may occur as a >> Read More ...

Breast Swelling – Tender, Sore & Painful Swollen Breasts

Definition of Breast Swelling Breast swelling is an enlargement of the breast or both breasts compared to the regular breast size and may be accompanied by other symptoms like tenderness (soreness), pain, lump(s), changes of the areola or nipple and any secretion from the nipple. Swollen breasts may be a normal >> Read More ...
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