Amount of Fructose, Glucose, Sorbitol and Fructans in Foods

Foods, problematic in fructose malabsorption (FM) are: 

  • High in fructose
  • High in sorbitol
  • Have high fructose-to-glucose ratio (>1)
  • High in fructans or other FODMAPs (problematic only for some persons with FM)


Table 1: Foods, high in fructose, glucose, sorbitol, fructans and other FODMAPs (N/A = data non applicable)

FOODFructose (g/100g)Glucose (g/100g)Fructose-to-Glucose RatioSorbitol and other polyols (g/100g); Fructans, FODMAPs (g/serving)
High Fructose Corn Syrup (HFCS55)39,0531,951,220
HONEY38.38 (31-44)30.31 (23-41)1,23 (0,76-1,86)3-4g oligo-saccharides (15)
“LOW CALORIE” FOODS and SOFT DRINKS< 3< 3N/A*Check labels for Sugar alcohols (Polyols)
“SUGAR FREE” CHEWING GUM00N/A~1,3-2,2g of sorbitol or xylitol / stick
VITAMIN and MEDICATION SYRUPS (for children)N/AN/AN/AMilk of Magnesia: 6g / dose; theophylinne: 26g /dose
PRUNESUp to 23Up to 300,77Up to 15
PRUNE JUICE14,023,00,6112,7
AGAVE SYRUP42-706-33> 1.5N/A
APPLES, dried28,6010,122,832,56
CHERRIES (sweet)Up to 7,24,71,5312,6
PEAR JUICE5-91-24,5-51,1-2,6
PEARS, raw6,232,762,253,59 (8)
APPLE JUICE6,402,402,670,56
APPLES, raw5,742,032,830,51
DATES, medjool31,9533,680,951,5
PEACHES, dried13,4912,831,055,41
APRICOTS, dried4,889,690,504,60
PEACHES, raw1,231,031,190,89
RAISINS31,631,201,010,85
PLUMS, rawUp to 4,0Up to 5,050,72Up to 2,8
APRICOTS, raw0,731,870,500,82
COMPOTES (canned fruits + syrup)3-83-8~ 1N/A
KAKI871,14N/A
POMEGRANATE7,907,201,10N/A
WATERMELON3,923,021,94N/A
GRAPES7,447,181,04Traces of sorbitol
SWEET POTATOE in skin, boiled0,500,570,88N/A
KIWI4,604,321,06N/A
FIGS, dried23,5025,700,91N/A
MANGO2,600,853,05N/A
PAPAYA1717127 g of sucrose, also contains xylitol
WHEAT (BREAD, PASTA, PASTRY,,,)N/AN/AN/A1-2,5 g of fructans / serving
ONION, SPRING ONIONN/AN/AN/A2g/s.
LEEKN/AN/AN/A6g/s.
ASPARAGUS0,990,811,232,6g/s.
JERUSALEM ARTICHOKES1,730,762,2815g/s.
GLOBE ARTICHOKEN/AN/AN/A6g/s.
DANDELION GREENSN/AN/AN/A3g/s.
CHICORY ROOTSN/AN/AN/A30g/s.
CHICORY (coffe substitutes)N/AN/AN/A3g/s.
HONEY MELON1,300,622,10N/A
ORANGE JUICEup to 5,32,42,200
RYE WHOLE MEAL BREAD1,060,721,47N/A
BLUEBERRIES3,352,471,36N/A
TOMATO1,361,081,26N/A
GREEN PEAS1,310,961,36N/A
LEGUMES (beans),BROCCOLI, BRUSSEL SPROUTS, CARROTS, CAULIFLOWER< 1,3< 1,3N/AGalactans, raffinose, cellulose
GRAPE (WHITE) JUICE7,57,11,050
ORANGES, PINEAPPLE, BLACKBERRY, GOOSEBERRY, RASPBERRY, STRAWBERRY2-42-30,7-1,10Strawberries and raspberries contain xylitol (20)
WINE, sweet0,410,381,08N/A
ZUCCHINI1,020,901,13N/A
GREEN CABBAGE0,900,811,11N/A
CARAMELN/AN/AN/AVarious sugars, oils, proteins, milk
BARLEY MALT SYRUPTraces~1gN/A~1g sucrose, ~6g complex sugars, ~5-6g maltose / tbsp
BROWN RICE SYRUP00,6-1,6g /tbspN/A~6g complex sugars, ~6g maltose / tbsp
MAPLE SYRUPTracesUp to 2g / tbspN/A~2g sucrose / tbsp
CORN SYRUP (GLUCOSE SYRUP)TracesVarious amountsN/AVarious amounts of sucrose, maltose, and oligosaccharides
CORN SYRUP SOLIDS (DRIED GLUCOSE)0Various amountsN/AN/A
BANANA3,84,50,840
SUCROSE505010

For explanation see low fructose diet in frucose malabsorption.  Check also nutrition guide: foods safe to eat, to try or to avoid in FM

Related Articles:

References:

  1. Foods with high fructose, sorbitol, or F:G ratio  (fructose.at)
  2. Foods, high in fructose  (nutrition.whatfoods.com)
  3. Foods, high in fructose  (nutritiondata.com)
  4. FODMAPs  (healthsystem.virginia.edu)
  5. Sorbitol in pears  (whfoods.com)
  6. Fructose and sorbitol in fruit juices  (bashaar.org.il)
  7. Fructose and sorbitol in fruit juices  (hini.org)
  8. White grapes fructose and sorbitol content  (nutritionj.com)
  9. Sorbitol in fruit juices  (bcm.edu)
  10. Honey sugars  (honey.com)
  11. Maple syrup carbohydrates  (mi-maplesyrup.com)
  12. Glucose (corn) syrup  (starch.dk)
  13. Papaya fructose content  (purcellmountainfarms.com)
  14. Carica papaya contains xylitol  (appliedhealth.com)
  15. Xylitol sources (xylitol.org)
  16. Brown rice syrup ingredients  (briess.com)
  17. Barley malt ingredients  (edenfoods.com)
  18. Raffinose sources  (drweil.com)

Article reviewed by Dr. Greg. Last updated on January 1, 2013