Bones, Joints, Muscles and Connective Tissue Diseases

Torn Rotator Cuff Muscles and Impingement Syndrome

What Is Rotator Cuff ? The rotator cuff is a group of four muscles that encircle the shoulder joint. It provides a flexible support to the bones that form the shoulder joint (arm bone, scapula and clavicle) , without restricting shoulder range of motion in any way. They are four muscles, namely subscapularis, >> Read More ...

Leg Joint Pain

Joint pain in the legs can make walking and standing difficult, often contributing to a change in gait. The pressure of supporting the upper body weight when suffering with a joint disorder can aggravate joint pain and swelling and it is important to seek appropriate treatment or it can hamper daily functioning. The knee >> Read More ...

Leg Pain in Children

Leg pain is a common symptom in children and in most cases it is not an indication of any serious cause. However, persistent or severe pain should not be ignored as there may some underlying pathology that requires medical attention. As with most childhood complaints, leg pain should be monitored to verify if it is a means >> Read More ...

Causes of Right, Left Leg and Foot Pain

The lower limb extends from the hip joint to the toe and can be divided into the : Thigh – between the hip and knee. Leg – between the knee and ankle. Foot – beyond (distal) the ankle. Often the entire lower limb is referred to as the leg. The lower limb’s main function is to propel the body when >> Read More ...

Swollen Knee – Causes and Treatment

Introduction to Swollen Knees A swollen knee joint (Picture 1) is a common symptom arising either from knee or other disorders. Knee swelling can originate from almost any structure forming the joint, like ligaments, synovial membrane, bursae, etc., or from fluid accumulating within the knee, such as blood or pus. A >> Read More ...

Why Frozen Shoulder Exercises ?

What Is a Frozen Shoulder Syndrome? Frozen shoulder or adhesive capsulitis (Latin adhere = to stick; capsulitis = inflammation of the (shoulder) capsule) is a condition causing pain and stiffness of the shoulder joint leading to profound disability and discomfort. This is a chronic condition, frequently associated with >> Read More ...

Achilles Tendon Pain – Causes and Treatment

Tendo-Achilles Pain The Achilles tendon is a strong tendon located at the back of the foot (Picture 1). Pain in this region is often seen in the 3rd – 5th decade of life and though very common, it is often not treated properly and therefore causing constant problems. Achilles Tendon Anatomy The Achilles tendon or, >> Read More ...

Parts of the Spine – Anatomy, Picture, Spinal Column, Backbone

The vertebral column is the most important collection of bones to maintain stability of the skeletal structure and support of the entire body, especially when upright. It is made up of 33 bones, known as vertebra (plural ~ vertebrae), which may be fused at certain points, like in the lower parts of the spinal column. The >> Read More ...

Plantar Calcaneal Spur – Foot Heel Bone and Sole Pain

A plantar calcaneal spur is an outgrowth from the bone at the back of the foot known as the calcaneus. This outgrowth is the cause of severe discomfort on the sole of the foot (plantar surface) and pain and is commonly known as heel spur pain. These spurs may develop over a long period of time and are initially >> Read More ...

Causes of Breast Bone Pain (Sternum)

The breast bone, also known as the sternum, is a flat bone located in the middle of the thorax (chest) and serves two important functions in the body. Firstly, the breast bone protects the vital organs lying behind it, primarily the heart and airways, and secondly, it serves as a central point where the ribs and shoulder >> Read More ...
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