Dialysis is the procedure of removing waste products, excess water and balancing the electrolyte levels of the blood in the manner that the kidney would do. It is necessary for patients with kidney disorders – either acute disorders where kidney functioning is impaired but will be restored with treatment (short term) and time or in those patients with chronic kidney disease where only a kidney transplant will restore normal functioning (long term). Dialysis is a life-saving technique to filter the blood but cannot restore complete health to the patient. There are two methods for dialysis – hemodialysis or peritoneal dialysis.
Glaucoma is condition characterized by progressive optic nerve damage and is very often due an increase in intraocular pressure (IOP). It cannot be cured but early detection and treatment can help to prevent vision loss and blindness, primarily by reducing the intraocular pressure (IOP). Medication in the form of eye drops or oral drugs are the first line of treatment. If these cannot be used or fail to give the desired results, the various surgical methods may be considered.
Cataract surgery involves removal of the cloudy lens and replacing it with an artificial lens. Not all cataract cases require surgery. However, surgery is the only effective treatment option in advanced cataract causing problems with routine activities such as driving, reading, cooking, watching television, and so on. Cataract surgery is done on an outpatient basis, usually under local anesthesia, and normally gives yields good results regarding improvement of vision. General anesthesia may occasionally be used and is the preferred option in children. It is a relatively safe surgery but occasional complications may include infection and bleeding. The risk of retinal detachment is slightly increased following cataract surgery.
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The lens of the eye needs to be clear so that light can pass through it uninhibited and cast an image on the back of the eye (retina). Clouding or opacification of the lens of the eye, which is clear under normal circumstances, is known as a cataract. This usually develops over a long time, impairing vision and may ultimately lead to blindness if left untreated. Cataracts are most commonly seen in older people (senile cataracts) but congenital cataracts may be present at birth. The other types of cataracts that may be seen are traumatic cataracts that may occur after an injury to the eye, and secondary cataracts such as those occurring due to a medical condition such as diabetes. Cataracts may develop in one or both eyes.
E.coli infection is one of the common bacterial infections that cause a number of diseases depending on where the bacteria gains entry into the body. Due to its close relationship with humans and other animals, it is one of the more common species of bacteria that leads to disease in humans. Every now and then, certain strains of E.coli bacteria causes outbreaks when transmitted particularly through food and water to a large number of people. With the rise in multi-drug resistant bacteria and highly pathogenic strains, these infections can lead to death in many of those who are infected.
continue reading E.coli Infection, Diseases, Symptoms, Spread, Dangerous Strains