Anatomy of the Vagina

The vulva comprises of the mons pubis, labia majora, labia minora, clitoris and the glandular structures that open into the vestibulum vaginae.


Pictures from Wikimedia Commons
  • The mons pubis is the mound of flesh covered by pubic hair.
  • The labia majora (outer labia) are the two thick fleshy masses of tissue arising from the mons pubis and which form the two boundaries of the vulva.
  • The labia minora (inner labia) are two thinner folds of tissue which lie between the labia majora and they enclose the opening of the vagina and urethra (lower end of the urinary tract).
  • The vagina is a muscular canal, about 7 to 8 centimeters long, which extends from the uterus to the vestibule, where it opens to the exterior.
  • The cervix of the uterus opens into the upper part of the vagina (vault of the vagina) and divides this area into the anterior fornix (in front), posterior fornix (behind), and two lateral fornices (on either side).
  • The hymen is an incomplete fold of vascular tissue which partially closes the external opening of the vagina and may be torn by sexual intercourse or even by insertion of tampons.

Article reviewed by Dr. Greg. Last updated on June 8, 2010