ABCD – First Aid: Injuries, Poisoning

Poisoning (Children, Adults) Substances, Symptoms, Management

Poisoning is a common medical emergency seen in both children and adults. Prompt treatment is often a matter of life or death and the measures that are first undertaken, even by a person that is not medically trained, can greatly alter the outlook. In most cases the poison is self-administered. Self-poisoning may be >> Read More ...

Compound Fracture – Symptoms, Treatment, and Complications

Compound fractures are not just a type of fracture, but have a completely different entity, when it comes to managing their symptoms and complications. Not only are they prone to develop several complications, but they have some peculiar symptoms, which if noted, herald the onset of a multitude of interventions by several >> Read More ...

Sudden Severe Breathlessness Causes and Emergency Signs

Sudden and severe breathlessness is extremely distressing if it arises for no known reason and persists for even a few minutes. Breathlessness includes shortness of breath, difficulty breathing, labored breathing or discomfort when breathing that restricts the breathing rate and depth. While an acute shortness of breath is >> Read More ...

Finger Pulse Oximeter

A finger or digit pulse oximeter is a non-invasive device for measuring the oxygen content of blood, also known as oxygen saturation. It is a highly portable device, which is indispensable for any emergency room or operation theater. Oxygen saturation is a measure of the body’s ability to pump oxygenated blood to all >> Read More ...

What is a Fever (Pyrexia)? Normal and High Body Temperature

A fever, also referred to as pyrexia, is an elevation in the body temperature above the norm. This is broadly defined as oral temperature reading above 37.5 degrees Celsius (99 degrees Farenheit) and a core body temperature (rectally) above 38 degrees Celsius (100.4 degrees Farenheit). Variations in temperature may occur >> Read More ...

Sudden Vomiting and Diarrhea – List of Causes

Vomiting and diarrhea are two common ailments which may not be due to any serious cause if the vomiting is once off or the diarrhea only lasts for a day. However, the presence of both vomiting and diarrhea simultaneously may be a cause for concern, especially if it is sudden in onset and violent or explosive. In order to >> Read More ...

Whiplash Injury – Anatomy and Mechanism

Whiplash injury is an injury of the neck, sustained mainly during road accidents or falls from a height.  The most intriguing factor in this injury is that it occurs without any physical contact of the neck with any object ! Thus, a person has almost no evidence of injury on his body, which makes it difficult to prove or >> Read More ...

Hypothermia Symptoms and Causes in Baby, Child, Adults, Elderly

What is hypothermia? Hypothermia is the medical term for a low core body temperature (below 35 degrees Celsius/95 degrees Farenheit) due to the failure of the body to maintain its normal temperature (thermoregulation). Mild hypothermia is a body temperature between 35 and 32 degrees Celsius. Severe hypothermia is when your >> Read More ...

Antifreeze Poisoning in Humans – Signs and Symptoms

What is antifreeze? Antifreeze is a also known as radiator fluid and is used to reduce the heat build up in car engines. Almost all antifreezes contain a compound called ethylene glycol, and some also contain methanol and/or isopropyl alcohol (isopropanol). Apart from antifreeze, ethylene glycol may also be found in brake >> Read More ...
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