Blood and Immunity

Methemoglobinemia (High Methemoglobin Levels)

Definition Methemoglobinemia (met-hemo-globin-emia) is a condition where the quantity of methemoglobin in the red blood cells is higher than normal. It is a congenital condition, meaning that it is present from birth, but can develop in life due to exposure to certain toxins. Although methemoglobin is normally present in >> Read More ...

Thrombocytosis (High Blood Platelets)

Definition Thrombocytosis is a condition where the platelet count in the blood is higher than normal. It is also referred to as thrombocythemia. Platelets are an important component of blood and is an integral factor in the blood clotting process. Most cases of thrombocytosis are transient and the condition does not >> Read More ...

Hypomagnesemia (Low Blood Magnesium Levels)

What is hypomagnesemia? Hypomagnesemia is the medical term for lower than normal magnesium levels in the blood. Although magnesium is so abundant in the body and very important for health, it is often not given as much attention as calcium and phosphate. However, magnesium is just as important as these minerals and is in >> Read More ...

Hyperphosphatemia (High Blood Phosphates)

What is hyperphosphatemia? Hyperphosphatemia is the term for elevated phosphates in the blood. Phosphates are the naturally occurring form of phosphorus and is necessary for many processes in the body. Most of the phosphates within the body are found in the bones and the concentration in the bloodstream is carefully >> Read More ...

Antithrombin (AT III) Deficiency

What is antithrombin deficiency? Antithrombin deficiency is a condition where a natural anti-clotting agent in the blood, known as antithrombin III, is either deficient or dysfunctional. It can be inherited or may be acquired in life. The condition can lead to serious complications when clots form in the circulation and >> Read More ...

Behcet Disease

What is Behcet disease? Behcet disease is a condition marked by the repeated formation of open sores (ulcers) in the mouth, on the genitals, skin lesions and inflammation of the uvea of the eye. It is also known as Behcet’s syndrome since it is a collection of different symptoms without a clear explanation for the >> Read More ...

Subclavian Artery Thrombosis (Blood Clot Blockage)

What is subclavian artery thrombosis? Subclavian artery thrombosis is a blockage of the subclavian artery by a blood clot. Injury to a vessel and narrowing due to fatty plaques (atherosclorosis) are common predisposing factors of a blockage of an artery with a blood clot. This is typically seen with older people. However, >> Read More ...

Respiratory Acidosis (Carbon Dioxide Blood Acidity)

Respiratory Acidosis Definition Respiratory acidosis refers to the condition in which body fluids, especially the blood, become too acidic due to higher than normal levels of carbon dioxide. It is an indication that breathing (ventilation) is not adequately expelling the carbon dioxide from the body. There are a number of >> Read More ...

Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation (DIC)

Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation Definition Disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) is a rare life threatening bleeding disorder. This condition is characterized by a defective clotting mechanism. DIC causes thrombosis (excessive clotting) or hemorrhage (bleeding) throughout the body. The clotting cells or >> Read More ...

Sickle Cell Anemia (Sickled Red Blood Cells)

The red blood cells possess a protein known as hemoglobin that binds and transports oxygen from lungs to other body parts. Therefore, hemoglobin is critical for survival and normal body functioning. Any defect in the gene coding for this oxygen-carrier protein may disrupt all vital body functions and present a spectrum of >> Read More ...
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