Upper and Lower Limb

Venous Stasis in the Legs Symptoms with Eczema & Ulcer Pictures

When blood flow within a leg vein is compromised, blood pools within the foot and lower leg.  This is known as venous stasis in the legs. It essentially means that the circulation is sluggish and blood is moving too slowly or only small quantities of blood are able to exit the leg. For venous stasis to to occur, the >> Read More ...

Venous Insufficiency of the Legs Causes

Venous insufficiency is a condition where the flow of blood from the leg back to the heart is impaired. The leg veins carry oxygen deficient blood away from the legs and certain anatomical features and physiological mechanisms in the leg enable the unidirectional flow of blood to the heart. This includes the : >> Read More ...

Leg Arteries (Thigh, Lower Leg, Feet) Anatomy, Names, Pictures

The arteries to the legs carry oxygen-rich blood from the heart to the thigh, lower leg and foot. The main artery to the leg is the femoral artery. It is the continuation of the external iliac artery below the inguinal ligament. The external iliac artery is a branch of the common iliac artery which is formed when the >> Read More ...

Leg Veins (Thigh, Lower Leg) Anatomy, Pictures and Names

The veins of the lower leg can be divided into two groups – superficial and deep. Since the distal parts of the lower limb, i.e. the leg and feet, are the furthest points from the heart compared to any other part of the body, blood has a longer distance to travel bac to the heart. The pressure of blood in the >> Read More ...

Ulcers on Leg – Chronic Arterial, Venous, Diabetic Ulceration

What are Leg Ulcers? Ulcers are  crater-like open sores that are a result of erosion of tissue.  On the leg, these ulcers are visible on the skin and extend deep into the underlying tissue. Ulceration may occur for a number of reasons and with proper treatment and care, it can heal fairly quickly (acute). However, in >> Read More ...

Femoral Blood Vessels (Artery and Vein), Anatomy, Pictures

The femoral blood vessels are important conduits for blood traveling between the heart and lower limb. The femoral artery carries blood to the lower limb while the femoral vein carries blood back to the heart. These structures are common sites for conditions that cause narrowing or blockage of the blood vessels. >> Read More ...

Swollen Leg and Swelling of the Feet, Ankle and Toes

Swelling of the leg may involve a noticeable distension of the shin or calf, ankles, feet or toes.  Foot swelling may be a common occurrence which most of us will experience at some point in life after a long day of standing or sitting but may also be an indication of a more serious pathology as in certain cardiovascular >> Read More ...
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